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Title: Improved kinetics and water recovery with propane as co-guest gas on the hydrate-based desalination (Hydesal) process
Authors: Nambiar, A. 
Babu, P. 
Linga, P. 
Keywords: Clathrate process
Gas hydrates
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Nambiar, A., Babu, P., Linga, P. (2019). Improved kinetics and water recovery with propane as co-guest gas on the hydrate-based desalination (Hydesal) process. ChemEngineering 3 (1) : Jan-16. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Water is a key resource for sustainable development and plays a crucial role in human development. Desalination is one of the most promising technologies to mitigate the emerging water crisis. Thermal desalination and reverse osmosis are two of the most widely employed desalination technologies in the world. However, these technologies are energy intensive. Clathrate-hydrate-based desalination (HyDesal) is a potential energy-efficient desalination technology to strengthen the energy–water nexus. In our previous study, we proposed a ColdEn-HyDesal process utilizing waste Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) cold energy based on a fixed-bed reactor configuration. In this study, we evaluated the effect of 10% propane in three different gas mixtures, namely, nitrogen (G1), argon (G2), and carbon dioxide (G3), as hydrate formers for the HyDesal process. The achieved water recovery was very low (~2%) in the presence of NaCl in the solution for gas mixtures G1 and G2. However, high water recovery and faster kinetics were achieved with the G3 mixture. To improve the water recovery and kinetics of hydrate formation for the G2 gas mixture, the effect of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was evaluated. The addition of SDS did improve the kinetics and water recovery significantly. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: ChemEngineering
ISSN: 2305-7084
DOI: 10.3390/chemengineering3010031
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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