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|Title:||Global Assessment of Retinal Arteriolar, Venular and Capillary Microcirculations Using Fundus Photographs and Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Diabetic Retinopathy||Authors:||Tan, T.-E.
|Issue Date:||2019||Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group||Citation:||Tan, T.-E., Nguyen, Q., Chua, J., Schmetterer, L., Tan, G.S.W., Wong, C.W., Tsai, A., Cheung, G.C.M., Wong, T.Y., Ting, D.S.W. (2019). Global Assessment of Retinal Arteriolar, Venular and Capillary Microcirculations Using Fundus Photographs and Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Diabetic Retinopathy. Scientific Reports 9 (1) : 11751. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-47770-9||Rights:||Attribution 4.0 International||Abstract:||Retinal arterioles, venules and capillaries are differentially affected in diabetes, and studying vascular alterations may provide information on pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR). We conducted a cross-sectional study on 49 diabetic patients, who underwent fundus photography and optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCT-A). Fundus photographs were analysed using semi-automated software for arteriolar and venular parameters, including central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE), central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) and fractal dimension (FD). Capillary parameters were measured using OCT-A, including capillary density index (CDI) and capillary FD of superficial (SVP) and deep (DVP) vascular plexuses. Severe DR was defined as severe non-proliferative DR and proliferative DR. We found that eyes with severe DR had narrower CRAE and sparser SVP CDI than eyes without. In logistic regression analysis, capillary parameters were more associated with severe DR than arteriolar or venular parameters. However, combining arteriolar, venular and capillary parameters provided the strongest association with severe DR. In linear regression analysis, eyes with poorer visual acuity had lower CRAE and FD of arterioles, venules, and DVP capillaries. We concluded that the retinal microvasculature is globally affected in severe DR, reflecting widespread microvascular impairment in perfusion. Arteriolar, venular and capillary parameters provide complementary information in assessment of DR. © 2019, The Author(s).||Source Title:||Scientific Reports||URI:||https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/211658||ISSN:||2045-2322||DOI:||10.1038/s41598-019-47770-9||Rights:||Attribution 4.0 International|
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