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Title: H2S and NOx tolerance capability of CeO2 doped La1−xCexCo0.5Ti0.5O3−δ perovskites for steam reforming of biomass tar model reaction
Authors: Ashok, J. 
Das, S.
Dewangan, N.
Kawi, S. 
Keywords: Co-based catalysts
Enhanced O2 mobility
NOx tolerance
Perovskite materials
Steam reforming of biomass tar model
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Citation: Ashok, J., Das, S., Dewangan, N., Kawi, S. (2019). H2S and NOx tolerance capability of CeO2 doped La1−xCexCo0.5Ti0.5O3−δ perovskites for steam reforming of biomass tar model reaction. Energy Conversion and Management: X 1 : 100003. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Abstract: In this paper, the La1−xCexCo0.5Ti0.5O3−δ perovskite materials were explored for steam reforming of biomass tar (SRT) reactions using toluene as a model compound at various steam-to-carbon conditions. The perovskite materials were also investigated for steam reforming reaction at 750 °C and 700 °C, respectively in the presence of poisonous compounds such as H2S and NOx. The role of Ce-doping to La1.0-Co0.5Ti0.5O3 material catalytic performances was also investigated. Among all the catalysts, catalyst composition of La0.8Ce0.2-Co0.5Ti0.5O3 displayed a stable toluene conversion of around 90% at 700 °C and S/C of 2 for a period of 22 h tested in toluene reforming reaction. Additionally, La0.8Ce0.2-Co0.5Ti0.5O3 catalyst displayed stable SRT performance in the presence of 500 ppm of NOx. On the other hand, by introducing 50 ppm of H2S during SRT reaction at 750 °C, all the catalysts showed deactivation behaviour. At the same reaction temperature regeneration of about 90% of activity was observed for La0.8Ce0.2-Co0.5Ti0.5O3 catalyst. Overall, the best catalytic performance of La0.8Ce0.2-Co0.5Ti0.5O3 catalyst is due to the availability of higher amount of surface Co species and oxygen vacancies than other catalysts. From XRD analysis of calcined, reduced and spent catalysts, the presence of perovskite structural phase was observed for all the La-based catalysts and negligible Co species agglomeration observed during SRT reaction. CO2-TPD studies showed that the basicity of La0.8Ce0.2-Co0.5Ti0.5O3 and La1.0Co0.5Ti0.5O3 catalysts was higher compared to other perovskite compositions. TGA and Raman analysis revealed, suppressed rate of carbon deposition for all the Ce-contained materials and the deposited carbon was mostly amorphous in nature. Finally, low carbon deposition rate and high surface oxygen mobility were the possible reasons for La0.8Ce0.2-Co0.5Ti0.5O3 catalyst’s stable catalytic performance over other catalysts.
Source Title: Energy Conversion and Management: X
ISSN: 2590-1745
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecmx.2019.100003
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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