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|Title:||Effects of Exogenous Neuroglobin (Ngb) on retinal inflammatory chemokines and microglia in a rat model of transient hypoxia||Authors:||Tun, S.B.B.
|Issue Date:||2019||Publisher:||Nature Research||Citation:||Tun, S.B.B., Barathi, V.A., Luu, C.D., Lynn, M.N., Chan, A.S.Y. (2019). Effects of Exogenous Neuroglobin (Ngb) on retinal inflammatory chemokines and microglia in a rat model of transient hypoxia. Scientific Reports 9 (1) : 18799. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-55315-3||Rights:||Attribution 4.0 International||Abstract:||Neuroglobin is an endogenous neuroprotective protein. We determined the safety of direct delivery of Neuroglobin in the rat retina and its effects on retinal inflammatory chemokines and microglial during transient hypoxia. Exogenous Neuroglobin protein was delivered to one eye and a sham injection to the contralateral eye of six rats intravitreally. Fundus photography, Optical Coherence Topography, electroretinogram, histology and Neuroglobin, chemokines level were determined on days 7 and 30. Another 12 rats were subjected to transient hypoxia to assess the effect of Neuroglobin in hypoxia exposed retina by immunohistochemistry, retinal Neuroglobin concentration and inflammatory chemokines. Intravitreal injection of Neuroglobin did not incite morphology or functional changes in the retina. Retinal Neuroglobin protein was reduced by 30% at day 7 post hypoxia. It was restored to normoxic control levels with intravitreal exogenous Neuroglobin injections and sustained up to 30 days. IL-6, TNF?, IL-1B, RANTES, MCP-1 and VEGF were significantly decreased in Neuroglobin treated hypoxic retinae compared to non-treated hypoxic controls. This was associated with decreased microglial activation in the retina. Our findings provide proof of concept suggesting intravitreal Neuroglobin injection is non-toxic to the retina and can achieve the functional level to abrogate microglial and inflammatory chemokines responses during transient hypoxia. © 2019, The Author(s).||Source Title:||Scientific Reports||URI:||https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/209903||ISSN:||2045-2322||DOI:||10.1038/s41598-019-55315-3||Rights:||Attribution 4.0 International|
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