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Title: Complex DNA knots detected with a nanopore sensor
Authors: Kumar Sharma, R. 
Agrawal, I. 
Dai, L.
Doyle, P.S.
Garaj, S. 
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Kumar Sharma, R., Agrawal, I., Dai, L., Doyle, P.S., Garaj, S. (2019). Complex DNA knots detected with a nanopore sensor. Nature Communications 10 (1) : 4473. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Equilibrium knots are common in biological polymers—their prevalence, size distribution, structure, and dynamics have been extensively studied, with implications to fundamental biological processes and DNA sequencing technologies. Nanopore microscopy is a high-throughput single-molecule technique capable of detecting the shape of biopolymers, including DNA knots. Here we demonstrate nanopore sensors that map the equilibrium structure of DNA knots, without spurious knot tightening and sliding. We show the occurrence of both tight and loose knots, reconciling previous contradictory results from different experimental techniques. We evidence the occurrence of two quantitatively different modes of knot translocation through the nanopores, involving very different tension forces. With large statistics, we explore the complex knots and, for the first time, reveal the existence of rare composite knots. We use parametrized complexity, in concert with simulations, to test the theoretical assumptions of the models, further asserting the relevance of nanopores in future investigation of knots. © 2019, The Author(s).
Source Title: Nature Communications
ISSN: 2041-1723
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-12358-4
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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