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Title: Validation of the mortality in emergency department sepsis (MEDS) score in a Singaporean cohort
Authors: Pong, J.Z.
Koh, Z.X.
Samsudin, M.I.
Fook-Chong, S.
Liu, N. 
Ong, M.E.H. 
Abdinia, B..
Keywords: emergency department
mortality in emergency department sepsis score
risk stratification
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
Citation: Pong, J.Z., Koh, Z.X., Samsudin, M.I., Fook-Chong, S., Liu, N., Ong, M.E.H., Abdinia, B.. (2019). Validation of the mortality in emergency department sepsis (MEDS) score in a Singaporean cohort. Medicine (United States) 98 (34) : e16962. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Abstract: The emergency department (ED) serves as the first point of hospital contact for most septic patients. Early mortality risk stratification using a quick and accurate triage tool would have great value in guiding management. The mortality in emergency department sepsis (MEDS) score was developed to risk stratify patients presenting to the ED with suspected sepsis, and its performance in the literature has been promising. We report in this study the first utilization of the MEDS score in a Singaporean cohort.In this retrospective observational cohort study, adult patients presenting to the ED with suspected sepsis and fulfilling systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria were recruited. Primary outcome was 30-day in-hospital mortality (IHM) and secondary outcome was 72-hour mortality. MEDS, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores were compared for prediction of primary and secondary outcomes. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was conducted to compare predictive performance.Of the 249 patients included in the study, 46 patients (18.5%) met 30-day IHM. MEDS score achieved an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.87 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.82-0.93), outperforming the APACHE II score (0.77, 95% CI 0.69-0.85) and SOFA score (0.78, 95% CI 0.71-0.85). On secondary analysis, MEDS score was superior to both APACHE II and SOFA scores in predicting 72-hour mortality, with AUC of 0.88 (95% CI 0.82-0.95), 0.81 (95% CI 0.72-0.89), and 0.79 (95% CI 0.71-0.87), respectively. In predicting 30-day IHM, MEDS score ?12, APACHE II score ?23, and SOFA score ?5 performed at sensitivities of 76.1%, 67.4%, and 76.1%, and specificities of 83.3%, 73.9%, and 65.0%, respectively.The MEDS score performed well in its ability for mortality risk stratification in a Singaporean ED cohort. © 2019 the Author(s).
Source Title: Medicine (United States)
ISSN: 0025-7974
DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000016962
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
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