Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027220
Title: Retrospective evaluation of healthcare utilisation and mortality of two post-discharge care programmes in Singapore
Authors: Ang, I.Y.H.
Tan, C.S. 
Nurjono, M. 
Tan, X.Q.
Koh, G.C.-H. 
Vrijhoef, H.J.M.
Tan, S.
Ng, S.E.
Toh, S.-A.
Keywords: hospitalisation
length of stay
mortality
patient readmission
post-discharge care
transitional care
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: Ang, I.Y.H., Tan, C.S., Nurjono, M., Tan, X.Q., Koh, G.C.-H., Vrijhoef, H.J.M., Tan, S., Ng, S.E., Toh, S.-A. (2019). Retrospective evaluation of healthcare utilisation and mortality of two post-discharge care programmes in Singapore. BMJ Open 9 (5) : e027220. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027220
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Abstract: Objective To evaluate the impact on healthcare utilisation frequencies and charges, and mortality of a programme for frequent hospital utilisers and a programme for patients requiring high acuity post-discharge care as part of an integrated healthcare model. Design A retrospective quasi-experimental study without randomisation where patients who received post-discharge care interventions were matched 1:1 with unenrolled patients as controls. Setting The National University Health System (NUHS) Regional Health System (RHS), which was one of six RHS in Singapore, implemented the NUHS RHS Integrated Interventions and Care Extension (NICE) programme for frequent hospital utilisers and the NUHS Transitional Care Programme (NUHS TCP) for high acuity post-discharge care. The programmes were supported by the Ministry of Health in Singapore, which is a city-state nation located in Southeast Asia with a 5.6 million population. Participants Linked healthcare administrative data, for the time period of January 2013 to December 2016, were extracted for patients enrolled in NICE (n=554) or NUHS TCP (n=270) from June 2014 to December 2015, and control patients. Interventions For both programmes, teams conducted follow-up home visits and phone calls to monitor and manage patients' post-discharge. Primary outcome measures One-year pre- and post-enrolment healthcare utilisation frequencies and charges of all-cause inpatient admissions, emergency admissions, emergency department attendances, specialist outpatient clinic (SOC) attendances, total inpatient length of stay and mortality rates were compared. Results Patients in NICE had lower mortality rate, but higher all-cause inpatient admission, emergency admission and emergency department attendance charges. Patients in NUHS TCP did not have lower mortality rate, but had higher emergency admission and SOC attendance charges. Conclusions Both NICE and NUHS TCP had no improvements in 1 year healthcare utilisation across various setting and metrics. Singular interventions might not be as impactful in effecting utilisation without an overhauling transformation and restructuring of the hospital and healthcare system. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
Source Title: BMJ Open
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/209582
ISSN: 2044-6055
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027220
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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