Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091502
Title: Health inequality between migrant and non-migrant workers in an industrial zone of Vietnam
Authors: Pham, K.T.H.
Nguyen, L.H.
Vuong, Q.-H.
Ho, M.-T.
Vuong, T.-T.
Nguyen, H.-K.T.
Vu, G.T.
Nguyen, H.L.T.
Tran, B.X.
Latkin, C.A.
Ho, C.S.H.
Ho, R.C.M. 
Keywords: Health status
Health-related quality of life
Industry
Inequality
Migration
Worker
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Pham, K.T.H., Nguyen, L.H., Vuong, Q.-H., Ho, M.-T., Vuong, T.-T., Nguyen, H.-K.T., Vu, G.T., Nguyen, H.L.T., Tran, B.X., Latkin, C.A., Ho, C.S.H., Ho, R.C.M. (2019). Health inequality between migrant and non-migrant workers in an industrial zone of Vietnam. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 (9) : 1502. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091502
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Vietnam has experienced massive internal migration waves from rural to industrialized zones. However, little efforts have been made to understand differences in health conditions and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between local and migrant industrial workers. This study aimed to examine the inequality in health status and HRQOL between these workers. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 289 Vietnamese workers at three industrial areas in Hanoi and Bac Ninh. Self-reported health status and HRQOL were measured using the EuroQOL-5 dimensions-5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) instrument. Sociodemographic, working, and environmental factors were also investigated. Overall, the mean EQ-5D index was 0.74 (SD = 0.21) and the average number of health problems in the last 12 months in our sample was 1.91 (SD = 1.63) problems. Migrant people had a lower EQ-5D index (? = ?0.08, p < 0.01) and more health problems (? = 0.20, p < 0.05) compared to local workers. Those being male, working in the same posture more than 60 min, and exposed to more hazards at work were correlated with a lower EQ-5D index and higher number of health problems. The results highlighted inequalities in health status and HRQOL between migrant and local workers. Reinforcing regular health check-ups, ensuring sufficient protective equipment and working conditions may help improve the health outcomes of the workers. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/209581
ISSN: 1661-7827
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16091502
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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