Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2015.12.012
Title: Is arterial base deficit still a useful prognostic marker in trauma? A systematic review
Authors: Ibrahim, I 
Chor, WP
Chue, KM
Tan, CS 
Tan, HL
Siddiqui, FJ
Hartman, M 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Emergency Medicine
IDENTIFYING MAJOR INJURY
BLUNT TRAUMA
DIAGNOSTIC UTILITY
DAMAGE CONTROL
SERUM LACTATE
MORTALITY
PREDICTORS
ALCOHOL
RISK
PH
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2016
Publisher: W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC
Citation: Ibrahim, I, Chor, WP, Chue, KM, Tan, CS, Tan, HL, Siddiqui, FJ, Hartman, M (2016-03-01). Is arterial base deficit still a useful prognostic marker in trauma? A systematic review. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE 34 (3) : 626-635. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2015.12.012
Abstract: Background Arterial base deficit (BD) has been widely used in trauma patients since 1960. However, trauma management has also evolved significantly in the last 2 decades. The first objective of this study was to systematically review the literature on the relationship between arterial BD as a prognostic marker for trauma outcomes (mortality, significant injuries, and major complications) in the acute setting. The second objective was to evaluate arterial BD as a prognosis marker, specifically, in the elderly and in patients with positive blood alcohol levels. Methods MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched from January 1, 1990, to August 6, 2015. Bibliographies of articles were also hand searched for relevant citations. Results Thirty-four studies were included in this review. The studies consistently showed that a higher arterial BD was associated with increased mortality, significant injuries, and major complications. The threshold BD value of 6 mmol/L was also useful in discriminating for poorer outcomes. The presence of alcohol did not affect the ability of arterial BD to discriminate between major and minor injuries. Elderly patients had higher mortality in all arterial BD categories compared to the younger age group. Conclusions Despite the advances in trauma care in the last 2 decades, arterial BD remains a useful prognostic marker in trauma patients, even in elderly patients and in patients who had consumed alcohol. The threshold BD value of 6 mmol/L was useful to prognosticate poorer outcomes.
Source Title: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/209256
ISSN: 07356757
15328171
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2015.12.012
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