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Title: Defining Essential Enhancers for Pluripotent Stem Cells Using a Features-Oriented CRISPR-Cas9 Screen
Authors: Wang, H.F.
Warrier, T.
Farran, C.A.
Zheng, Z.H.
Xing, Q.R.
Fullwood, Melissa J.
Zhang, L.-F.
Li, H.
Xu, J. 
Lim, Tit-Meng
Loh, Y.-H. 
Keywords: CRISPR screen
essential cis-regulatory elements
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Wang, H.F., Warrier, T., Farran, C.A., Zheng, Z.H., Xing, Q.R., Fullwood, Melissa J., Zhang, L.-F., Li, H., Xu, J., Lim, Tit-Meng, Loh, Y.-H. (2020). Defining Essential Enhancers for Pluripotent Stem Cells Using a Features-Oriented CRISPR-Cas9 Screen. Cell Reports 33 (4) : 108309. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Abstract: cis-regulatory elements (CREs) regulate the expression of genes in their genomic neighborhoods and influence cellular processes such as cell-fate maintenance and differentiation. To date, there remain major gaps in the functional characterization of CREs and the identification of their target genes in the cellular native environment. In this study, we perform a features-oriented CRISPR-utilized systematic (FOCUS) screen of OCT4-bound CREs using CRISPR-Cas9 to identify functional enhancers important for pluripotency maintenance in mESCs. From the initial 235 candidates tested, 16 CREs are identified to be essential stem cell enhancers. Using RNA-seq and genomic 4C-seq, we further uncover a complex network of candidate CREs and their downstream target genes, which supports the growth and self-renewal of mESCs. Notably, an essential enhancer, CRE111, and its target, Lrrc31, form the important switch to modulate the LIF-JAK1-STAT3 signaling pathway. © 2020 The AuthorsWang et al. identify important genomic regulatory elements through a CRISPR knockout screen. Through 4C-seq, they correlate their candidate enhancers with their target genes and zoom in on Lrrc31 as a pluripotency regulator. Lrrc31 is found to regulate pluripotency by affecting the phosphorylation of STAT3 through the JAK-STAT3 signaling pathway. © 2020 The Authors
Source Title: Cell Reports
ISSN: 2211-1247
DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2020.108309
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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