Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239030
Title: The association of different types of leisure time physical activities with cardiometabolic outcomes in singapore—findings from the multi-ethnic cohort study
Authors: Müller-Riemenschneider, F.
Hong, Y. 
Tan, K.H.X. 
van Dam, R.M. 
Uijtdewilligen, L. 
Keywords: Body-mass index
Exercise
Hypertension
Lipids
Observational study
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Müller-Riemenschneider, F., Hong, Y., Tan, K.H.X., van Dam, R.M., Uijtdewilligen, L. (2020). The association of different types of leisure time physical activities with cardiometabolic outcomes in singapore—findings from the multi-ethnic cohort study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17 (23) : Jan-13. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239030
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: The study aimed to investigate the association between leisure time physical activity (LTPA) subtypes and cardiometabolic outcomes in the Singapore Multi-Ethnic Cohort (MEC). Self-reported data on socio-demographics, lifestyle factors, LTPA subtypes, and health screening data on body-mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), triglycerides (TG), and HDL-and LDL cholesterol were collected. Multivariable linear regression analyses were used adjusting for confounders. The mean age of 9768 participants was 45.2 ± 12.5 years (57.3% female, 47.3% Chinese, 26.0% Malay, and 26.8% Indians). Overall, 65.8% engaged in LTPA, and walking, strength/fitness and running were most common. Higher total LTPA was associated with lower WC, DBP, TG, a trend towards lower BMI, and higher SBP and HDL. Running was beneficially associated with all outcomes except for SBP and LDL. Balance exercises (BMI, SBP and DBP), cycling (BMI, WC and HDL), and strength/fitness (BMI, WC, TG and HDL) were also favorably associated with a number of outcomes, whereas ball games (DBP and TG), dancing (HDL) and other LTPA (DBP) were only favorably associated with selected outcomes. Unfavorable associations were found for total LTPA (SBP), strength/fitness (SBP), golf (DBP) and swimming (BMI and WC). Further research is warranted to inform future health promotion efforts. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/199260
ISSN: 16617827
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17239030
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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