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Title: Overcoming the trade-off between water permeation and mechanical strength of ceramic membrane supports by interfacial engineering
Authors: Qilin Gu 
Masashi Kotobuki 
Kirk Chin Ho
Meibo He
Gwendolyn J.H. Lim 
Tze Chiang Albert Ng 
Lei Zhang 
How Yong Ng 
John Wang 
Issue Date: 3-May-2021
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Qilin Gu, Masashi Kotobuki, Kirk Chin Ho, Meibo He, Gwendolyn J.H. Lim, Tze Chiang Albert Ng, Lei Zhang, How Yong Ng, John Wang (2021-05-03). Overcoming the trade-off between water permeation and mechanical strength of ceramic membrane supports by interfacial engineering. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Porous ceramic membrane supports with high mechanical strength and permeation are required for highly permeable ceramic membranes. The water permeation of a ceramic membrane support is largely dependent on its level of open porosity, which can be however generally detrimental to the mechanical strength. In this work, low-cost kaolin nanoflakes were rationally composited with coarse alumina particles, and multichannel flat-sheet ceramic supports were successfully fabricated by extrusion and subsequent partial sintering. The macroscopic properties, microstructure characteristics, permeability and mechanical strength of the ceramic membrane supports were systematically established and comprehensively studied. The incorporation of kaolin nanoflakes effectively reduced the sintering temperature to about 1200⁰C. An interesting evolution of the pore structure was evidenced with the increase in sintering temperature. Interestingly, the porous ceramic supports prepared at 1400⁰C showed the highest water permeability of 9911.9±357.5 LMHB, and at the same time the flexural strength reached 109.6±4.6 MPa. The much improved permeability was attributed to the unique multi-level pore structures, and the enhanced flexural strength was mainly originated from the strongly interfacial bonding, as evidenced by the transgranular fracture behavior. Also, the ceramic membrane supports exhibited excellent chemical resistance and good removal efficiency for oily wastewater. This work highlights the significant role of interfacial engineering in simultaneously improving the water permeation and mechanical strength, thereby overcoming their trade-off in porous ceramic membrane supports.
Source Title: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
ISSN: 19448244
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