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Title: Building better lithium-sulfur batteries: From LiNO2 to solid oxide catalyst
Authors: Ding, N
Zhou, L
Zhou, C
Geng, D
Yang, J
Chien, S.W
Liu, Z
Ng, M.-F 
Yu, A
Hor, T.S.A 
Sullivan, M.B 
Zong, Y
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Ding, N, Zhou, L, Zhou, C, Geng, D, Yang, J, Chien, S.W, Liu, Z, Ng, M.-F, Yu, A, Hor, T.S.A, Sullivan, M.B, Zong, Y (2016). Building better lithium-sulfur batteries: From LiNO2 to solid oxide catalyst. Scientific Reports 6 : 33154. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Lithium nitrate (LiNO2) is known as an important electrolyte additive in lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. The prevailing understanding is that LiNO2 reacts with metallic lithium anode to form a passivation layer which suppresses redox shuttles of lithium polysulfides, enabling good rechargeability of Li-S batteries. However, this view is seeing more challenges in the recent studies, and above all, the inability of inhibiting polysulfide reduction on Li anode. A closely related issue is the progressive reduction of LiNO2 on Li anode which elevates internal resistance of the cell and compromises its cycling stability. Herein, we systematically investigated the function of LiNO2 in redox-shuttle suppression, and propose the suppression as a result of catalyzed oxidation of polysulfides to sulfur by nitrate anions on or in the proximity of the electrode surface upon cell charging. This hypothesis is supported by both density functional theory calculations and the nitrate anions-suppressed self-discharge rate in Li-S cells. The catalytic mechanism is further validated by the use of ruthenium oxide (RuO2, a good oxygen evolution catalyst) on cathode, which equips the LiNO2 -free cell with higher capacity and improved capacity retention over 400 cycles. © The Author(s) 2016.
Source Title: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/srep33154
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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