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Title: Analysis on the Growth of Bribery in China - A Preliminary Study
Keywords: Chinese corruption, trend of bribery, anti-bribery policies, policy implementation, pre-market reform, rent seeking
Issue Date: 30-Dec-2009
Citation: WENG CUIFEN (2009-12-30). Analysis on the Growth of Bribery in China - A Preliminary Study. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Bribery is one of the most serious types of corruption in China. However, what is the trend of bribery over years in China? What are the major factors that shape such trend? These questions are seldom raised in the existing literature. This thesis investigates and explores the trend of bribery in China in the period of 1998-2007 by using the official statistics?filed cases of bribery by the procuratorates. Possible reliability and validity threats of the data are discussed. Several possible factors explaining the trend of bribery proposed in current literature are tested, categorized into internal institutional factors and external environmental factors. Specifically, internal factors are factors related to the government itself, including sufficiency of anti-bribery policies and effectiveness of implementation of such policies. Effectiveness of implementation is affected by horizontal (lack of independence of juridical agencies) and vertical (central-local relations) supervision. External factors are those involve the government and private sectors (or market). The growth of private sectors and their increasing interactions with the government who has control over the market are examined. The analysis suggests that bribery has worsened in the period of 1998-2007. Such trend is shaped by two major factors: a) the ineffectiveness of the implementation of anti-bribery policies, and b) the expansion of government?s economic involvement measured by real estate investment and public investment, which provides more opportunities for bribery. Changes of provincial governor and party secretary have no significant effects on bribery. The result is significant at both the national and provincial levels. However, the analysis of provincial-level data indicates that regional variations are significant, implying that there was no single anti-bribery method that would be effective for all provinces. Accordingly, when designing and implementing anti-bribery policies, regional variations should be taken into account.
Appears in Collections:Master's Theses (Open)

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