Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020223
Title: Factors associated with cigarette smoking and motivation to quit among street food sellers in Vietnam
Authors: Le, X.T.T
To, L.T
Le, H.T
Hoang, H.D
Do, K.N
Nguyen, C.T
Tran, B.X
Do, H.P
Nguyen, L.T
Latkin, C.A
Zhang, M.W.B 
Ho, R.C.M 
Keywords: education
smoking
street vendor
urban area
adult
Article
awareness
catering service
cigarette smoking
controlled study
cross-sectional study
drinking behavior
education program
female
food
food store
health hazard
health status
human
major clinical study
male
motivation
occupation
place preference
prevalence
public health
quality of life
sex difference
smoking ban
smoking cessation
street food
street food seller
structured interview
Viet Nam
catering service
cigarette smoking
epidemiology
middle aged
passive smoking
psychology
smoking
smoking cessation
Hanoi
Viet Nam
Adult
Cigarette Smoking
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Food Services
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Motivation
Quality of Life
Smoke-Free Policy
Smokers
Smoking Cessation
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Vietnam
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Le, X.T.T, To, L.T, Le, H.T, Hoang, H.D, Do, K.N, Nguyen, C.T, Tran, B.X, Do, H.P, Nguyen, L.T, Latkin, C.A, Zhang, M.W.B, Ho, R.C.M (2018). Factors associated with cigarette smoking and motivation to quit among street food sellers in Vietnam. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15 (2) : 223. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020223
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Since 2013, smoke-free signs in public places, including in restaurants and food stores, have been introduced in Vietnam, aiming to prevent passive smoking. Although extensive research has been carried out on second-hand smoking among clients in public places (e.g., hospitals, restaurants) in Vietnam, no single study exists which captures the current practice of smoking among street food outlets. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of smoking and identify factors associated with smoking status and cessation motivation amongst food sellers in Vietnam. A cross-sectional study involving 1733 food providers at outlets was conducted in 29 districts in Hanoi capital, Vietnam, in 2015. The prevalence of smoking amongst food sellers was determined to be 8.5% (25% for men and 0.8% for women). The enforcement of the smoke-free policy remains modest, since only 7.9% observed outlets complied with the law, providing a room designated for smokers. Although approximately 80% of the participants were aware of the indoor smoke-free regulations in public places, such as restaurants and food stores, 40.2% of smokers reported no intention of quitting smoking. A percentage of 37.6% of current smokers reported that despite having intentions to quit, they did not receive any form of support for smoking cessation. Being male and having hazardous drinking habits and a poor quality of life were all factors that were significantly associated with smoking status. Additionally, having awareness of smoking’s adverse effects and being frequently supervised by the authority were associated with a greater motivation to quit. This study highlights the importance of an accompanying education and smoking cessation program in addition to the frequent inspection and reinforcement of smoke-free policy in food stores. This research extends on our knowledge of smoking prevalence and its factors related to smoking events and motivation to quit among street food outlets. Overall, this study strengthens the idea that more government efforts towards preventing passive smoking and smoking cessation education are necessary in restaurants and other street food outlets. © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/182098
ISSN: 16617827
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15020223
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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