Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1910-3
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dc.titleCurrent knowledge, attitude and behaviour of hand and food hygiene in a developed residential community of Singapore: A cross-sectional survey Trauma care and orthopedic surgery
dc.contributor.authorPang, J
dc.contributor.authorChua, S.W.J.L
dc.contributor.authorHsu, L
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-27T10:57:16Z
dc.date.available2020-10-27T10:57:16Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citationPang, J, Chua, S.W.J.L, Hsu, L (2015). Current knowledge, attitude and behaviour of hand and food hygiene in a developed residential community of Singapore: A cross-sectional survey Trauma care and orthopedic surgery. BMC Public Health 15 (1) : 577. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1910-3
dc.identifier.issn14712458
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/181446
dc.description.abstractBackground: Diarrhoea incidence has been increasing progressively over the past years in developed countries, including Singapore, despite the accessibility and availability to clean water, well-established sanitation infrastructures and regular hygiene promotion. The aim of this study is to determine the current knowledge, attitude and behaviour of hand and food hygiene, and the potential risk factors of diarrhoea in a residential community of Singapore. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted within a residential area in the west of Singapore from June to August 2013. A total of 1,156 household units were randomly sampled and invited to participate in an interviewer-assisted survey using standardised questionnaires. Descriptive, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using descriptive statistics, Fisher's Exact test and multivariate logistic regression modelling, respectively. R program was used for all statistical analysis. All tests were conducted at 5 % level of significance with 95 % confidence intervals (CI) reported where applicable. Results: A total of 240 units (20.8 %) consented and responded to the survey invitation. About 77 % of the expected knowledge and attitude were observed in at least 80 % of the participants, compared to only about 31 % of the expected behaviours and practises. Being single [adjusted odds ratio (AOR)∈=∈2.29; 95 % CI∈=∈1.16-4.48], having flu in the past six month (AOR∈=∈3.24; 95 % CI∈=∈1.74-6.06), preferred self-medication (AOR∈=∈2.07; 95 % CI∈=∈1.06-4.12) were risk factors of diarrhoea. Washing hands with water before attending to children or sick persons (AOR∈=∈0.30; 95 % CI∈=∈0.11-0.82), washing hands with water (AOR∈=∈0.16; 95 % CI∈=∈0.05-0.45) and water with soap (AOR∈=∈0.29; 95 % CI∈=∈0.12-0.72) after attending to children or sick persons, and hand washing between 30 s to a minute (AOR∈=∈0.44; 95 % CI∈=∈0.20-0.90) were protective factors against diarrhoea. Conclusions: Good knowledge and attitude of the participants did not positively translate into high compliance and motivation to perform good hygiene practices. This observation may have resulted in a significant extent on the increasing diarrhoea incidences. Current interventions may be improved with more active community partnership among the residents, schools and the relevant social organizations, to raise awareness on the importance of compliance to good hygiene practices, and the risk factors of diarrhoea. A large case-control study would be required to validate these findings in future. © 2015 Pang et al.
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceUnpaywall 20201031
dc.subjectadult
dc.subjectattitude to health
dc.subjectcross-sectional study
dc.subjectdiarrhea
dc.subjectfemale
dc.subjectfood
dc.subjecthand
dc.subjecthand washing
dc.subjecthuman
dc.subjecthygiene
dc.subjectincidence
dc.subjectmale
dc.subjectmiddle aged
dc.subjectmultivariate analysis
dc.subjectodds ratio
dc.subjectquestionnaire
dc.subjectrisk factor
dc.subjectsanitation
dc.subjectSingapore
dc.subjectsocioeconomics
dc.subjectstatistical model
dc.subjectAdult
dc.subjectCross-Sectional Studies
dc.subjectDiarrhea
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectFood
dc.subjectHand
dc.subjectHand Disinfection
dc.subjectHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectHygiene
dc.subjectIncidence
dc.subjectLogistic Models
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectMiddle Aged
dc.subjectMultivariate Analysis
dc.subjectOdds Ratio
dc.subjectRisk Factors
dc.subjectSanitation
dc.subjectSingapore
dc.subjectSocioeconomic Factors
dc.subjectSurveys and Questionnaires
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentSAW SWEE HOCK SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.description.doi10.1186/s12889-015-1910-3
dc.description.sourcetitleBMC Public Health
dc.description.volume15
dc.description.issue1
dc.description.page577
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