Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1616-z
Title: Resilience and burden in caregivers of older adults: Moderating and mediating effects of perceived social support
Authors: Ong, H.L
Vaingankar, J.A
Abdin, E
Sambasivam, R
Fauziana, R
Tan, M.-E
Chong, S.A
Goveas, R.R
Chiam, P.C 
Subramaniam, M
Keywords: adult
aged
Article
caregiver
caregiver burden
Connor Davidson Resilience Scale
controlled study
cross-sectional study
female
health care delivery
human
human relation
male
Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support
psychologic assessment
psychological resilience
Singapore
social support
Zarit Burden Interview
coping behavior
cost of illness
mental disease
middle aged
perception
psychology
very elderly
Adaptation, Psychological
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Caregivers
Cost of Illness
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders
Middle Aged
Perception
Resilience, Psychological
Singapore
Social Support
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Ong, H.L, Vaingankar, J.A, Abdin, E, Sambasivam, R, Fauziana, R, Tan, M.-E, Chong, S.A, Goveas, R.R, Chiam, P.C, Subramaniam, M (2018). Resilience and burden in caregivers of older adults: Moderating and mediating effects of perceived social support. BMC Psychiatry 18 (1) : 27. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1616-z
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: The burden of caring for an older adult can be a form of stress and influence caregivers' daily lives and health. Previous studies have reported that resilience and social support play an important role in reducing physical and psychological burden in caregivers. Thus, the present study aimed to examine whether perceived social support served as a possible protective factor of burden among caregivers of older adults in Singapore using moderation and mediation effects' models. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 285 caregivers providing care to older adults aged 60 years and above who were diagnosed with physical and/or mental illness in Singapore. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) was used to measure resilience and burden was measured by the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI). The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) was used to measure perceived social support. Hayes' PROCESS macro was used to test moderation and mediation effects of perceived social support in the relationship between resilience and burden after controlling for sociodemographic variables. Indirect effects were tested using bootstrapped confidence intervals (CI). Results: The mean scores observed were CD-RISC: 70.8/100 (SD = 15.1), MSPSS: 62.2/84 (SD = 12.2), and ZBI: 23.2/88 (SD = 16.0) respectively. While perceived social support served as a full mediator between resilience and caregiver burden (β = - 0.14, 95% CI -0.224 to - 0.072, p < 0.05), it did not show a significant moderating effect. Conclusions: Perceived social support mediates the association between resilience and caregiver burden among caregivers of older adults in Singapore. It is crucial for healthcare professionals, particularly those who interact and deliver services to assist caregivers, to promote and identify supportive family and friends' network that may help to address caregiver burden. © 2018 The Author(s).
Source Title: BMC Psychiatry
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/181217
ISSN: 1471244X
DOI: 10.1186/s12888-018-1616-z
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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