Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0626-4
Title: Correlates of occupational, leisure and total sitting time in working adults: Results from the Singapore multi-ethnic cohort
Authors: Uijtdewilligen, L 
Yin, J.D.-C 
van der Ploeg, H.P
Müller-Riemenschneider, F 
Keywords: adult
age
Article
caloric intake
cerebrovascular accident
Chinese
cohort analysis
correlational study
cross-sectional study
education
ethnicity
female
gender
health hazard
heart disease
human
human experiment
Indian
kidney failure
leisure sitting time
Malay (people)
male
malignant neoplasm
marriage
mental disease
middle aged
occupational sitting time
physical activity
self report
Singapore
sitting
smoking
time
total sitting time
young adult
aged
Asian continental ancestry group
body position
ethnic group
exercise
leisure
Malaysia
risk
sedentary lifestyle
socioeconomics
work
Adult
Aged
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Ethnic Groups
Exercise
Female
Humans
Leisure Activities
Malaysia
Male
Middle Aged
Posture
Risk
Sedentary Lifestyle
Self Report
Singapore
Socioeconomic Factors
Work
Young Adult
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Uijtdewilligen, L, Yin, J.D.-C, van der Ploeg, H.P, Müller-Riemenschneider, F (2017). Correlates of occupational, leisure and total sitting time in working adults: Results from the Singapore multi-ethnic cohort. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 14 (1) : 169. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0626-4
Abstract: Background: Evidence on the health risks of sitting is accumulating. However, research identifying factors influencing sitting time in adults is limited, especially in Asian populations. This study aimed to identify socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of occupational, leisure and total sitting time in a sample of Singapore working adults. Methods: Data were collected between 2004 and 2010 from participants of the Singapore Multi Ethnic Cohort (MEC). Medical exclusion criteria for cohort participation were cancer, heart disease, stroke, renal failure and serious mental illness. Participants who were not working over the past 12 months and without data on sitting time were excluded from the analyses. Multivariable regression analyses were used to examine cross-sectional associations of self-reported age, gender, ethnicity, marital status, education, smoking, caloric intake and moderate-to-vigorous leisure time physical activity (LTPA) with self-reported occupational, leisure and total sitting time. Correlates were also studied separately for Chinese, Malays and Indians. Results: The final sample comprised 9384 participants (54.8% male): 50.5% were Chinese, 24.0% Malay, and 25.5% Indian. For the total sample, mean occupational sitting time was 2.71 h/day, mean leisure sitting time was 2.77 h/day and mean total sitting time was 5.48 h/day. Sitting time in all domains was highest among Chinese. Age, gender, education, and caloric intake were associated with higher occupational sitting time, while ethnicity, marital status and smoking were associated with lower occupational sitting time. Marital status, smoking, caloric intake and LTPA were associated with higher leisure sitting time, while age, gender and ethnicity were associated with lower leisure sitting time. Gender, marital status, education, caloric intake and LTPA were associated with higher total sitting time, while ethnicity was associated with lower total sitting time. Stratified analyses revealed different associations within sitting domains for Indians compared to Chinese and Malays. Conclusion: Our findings highlight the need to focus on separate domains of sitting (occupational, leisure or total) when identifying which factors determine this behavior, and that the content of intervention programs should be tailored to domain-specific sitting rather than to sitting in general. Finally, our study showed ethnic differences and therefore we recommend to culturally target interventions. © 2017 The Author(s).
Source Title: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/175412
ISSN: 1479-5868
DOI: 10.1186/s12966-017-0626-4
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