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Title: An ultra-bright atom laser
Authors: Bolpasi, V
Efremidis, N.K
Morrissey, M.J
Condylis, P.C 
Sahagun, D 
Baker, M
Von Klitzing, W
Keywords: Atoms
Bose-Einstein condensation
Adiabatic potentials
Atom interferometry
Bose-Einstein condensates
Hyperfine levels
Matter waves
Orders of magnitude
Weak couplings
Atom lasers
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Citation: Bolpasi, V, Efremidis, N.K, Morrissey, M.J, Condylis, P.C, Sahagun, D, Baker, M, Von Klitzing, W (2014). An ultra-bright atom laser. New Journal of Physics 16 : 33036. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We present a novel, ultra-bright atom laser and an ultra-cold thermal atom beam. Using rf-radiation we strongly couple the magnetic hyperfine levels of 87Rb atoms in a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate. The resulting time-dependent adiabatic potential forms a trap, which at low rf-frequencies opens just below the condensate and thus allows an extremely bright well-collimated atom laser beam to emerge. As opposed to traditional atom lasers based on weak coupling of the magnetic hyperfine levels, this technique allows us to outcouple atoms at an arbitrarily large rate. We achieve a flux of 4×107 atom s-1, a seven fold increase compared to the brightest atom lasers to date. Furthermore, we demonstrate by two orders of magnitude the coldest thermal atom beam (200 nK). © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.
Source Title: New Journal of Physics
ISSN: 1367-2630
DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/16/3/033036
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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