Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00348-016-2177-x
Title: Reattachment heating upstream of short compression ramps in hypersonic flow
Authors: Estruch-Samper, D 
Keywords: Atmospheric thermodynamics
Boundary layers
Heat transfer
Hypersonic flow
Laminar boundary layer
Shock waves
Deflection angles
Heat transfer rate
Maximum heat transfer
Orders of magnitude
Semi-empirical correlation
Similarity parameter
Strong interaction
Viscous interaction
Oscillating flow
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Citation: Estruch-Samper, D (2016). Reattachment heating upstream of short compression ramps in hypersonic flow. Experiments in Fluids 57 (5) : 92. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00348-016-2177-x
Abstract: Hypersonic shock-wave/boundary-layer interactions with separation induce unsteady thermal loads of particularly high intensity in flow reattachment regions. Building on earlier semi-empirical correlations, the maximum heat transfer rates upstream of short compression ramp obstacles of angles 15 ?? ?? 135 ? are here discretised based on time-dependent experimental measurements to develop insight into their transient nature (Me = 8.2–12.3, Reh= 0.17 × 10 5–0.47 × 10 5). Interactions with an incoming laminar boundary layer experience transition at separation, with heat transfer oscillating between laminar and turbulent levels exceeding slightly those in fully turbulent interactions. Peak heat transfer rates are strongly influenced by the stagnation of the flow upon reattachment close ahead of obstacles and increase with ramp angle all the way up to ?= 135 ?, whereby rates well over two orders of magnitude above the undisturbed laminar levels are intermittently measured (qmax ?> 10 2 qu, L). Bearing in mind the varying degrees of strength in the competing effect between the inviscid and viscous terms—namely the square of the hypersonic similarity parameter (M?) 2 for strong interactions and the viscous interaction parameter ?¯ (primarily a function of Re and M)—the two physical factors that appear to most globally encompass the effects of peak heating for blunt ramps (?? 45 ?) are deflection angle and stagnation heat transfer, so that this may be fundamentally expressed as qmax ?? qo, 2 D?2 with further parameters in turn influencing the interaction to a lesser extent. The dominant effect of deflection angle is restricted to short obstacle heights, where the rapid expansion at the top edge of the obstacle influences the relaxation region just downstream of reattachment and leads to an upstream displacement of the separation front. The extreme heating rates result from the strengthening of the reattaching shear layer with the increase in separation length for higher deflection angle. © 2016, The Author(s).
Source Title: Experiments in Fluids
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/175271
ISSN: 0723-4864
DOI: 10.1007/s00348-016-2177-x
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