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|Title:||Unconscious processing of facial attractiveness: Invisible attractive faces orient visual attention||Authors:||Hung, S.-M
|Issue Date:||2016||Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group||Citation:||Hung, S.-M, Nieh, C.-H, Hsieh, P.-J (2016). Unconscious processing of facial attractiveness: Invisible attractive faces orient visual attention. Scientific Reports 6 : 37117. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep37117||Abstract:||Past research has proven human's extraordinary ability to extract information from a face in the blink of an eye, including its emotion, gaze direction, and attractiveness. However, it remains elusive whether facial attractiveness can be processed and influences our behaviors in the complete absence of conscious awareness. Here we demonstrate unconscious processing of facial attractiveness with three distinct approaches. In Experiment 1, the time taken for faces to break interocular suppression was measured. The results showed that attractive faces enjoyed the privilege of breaking suppression and reaching consciousness earlier. In Experiment 2, we further showed that attractive faces had lower visibility thresholds, again suggesting that facial attractiveness could be processed more easily to reach consciousness. Crucially, in Experiment 3, a significant decrease of accuracy on an orientation discrimination task subsequent to an invisible attractive face showed that attractive faces, albeit suppressed and invisible, still exerted an effect by orienting attention. Taken together, for the first time, we show that facial attractiveness can be processed in the complete absence of consciousness, and an unconscious attractive face is still capable of directing our attention. © The Author(s) 2016.||Source Title:||Scientific Reports||URI:||https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/174916||ISSN:||20452322||DOI:||10.1038/srep37117|
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