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Title: Is breastfeeding associated with later child eating behaviours?
Authors: Pang WW 
McCrickerd K
Quah PL 
Fogel A
Aris IM 
Yuan WL 
Fok D
Chua MC 
Lim SB 
Shek LP 
Chan SY 
Tan KH 
Yap F 
Godfrey KM
Meaney MJ
Wlodek ME
Eriksson JG 
Kramer MS 
Forde CG 
Chong MF 
Chong YS 
Keywords: Breastfeeding
Child eating behaviours
Oral processing
Satiety responsiveness: Food fussiness
Issue Date: 7-Mar-2020
Publisher: Academic Press
Citation: Pang WW, McCrickerd K, Quah PL, Fogel A, Aris IM, Yuan WL, Fok D, Chua MC, Lim SB, Shek LP, Chan SY, Tan KH, Yap F, Godfrey KM, Meaney MJ, Wlodek ME, Eriksson JG, Kramer MS, Forde CG, Chong MF, Chong YS (2020-03-07). Is breastfeeding associated with later child eating behaviours?. Appetite 150. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Individual differences in children's eating behaviours emerge early. We examined the relationship between breastfeeding exposure and subsequent eating behaviours among children from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) cohort. Children (n = 970) were grouped according to their breastfeeding exposure: high (full breastfeeding ? 4 months with continued breastfeeding ? 6 months), low (any breastfeeding < 3 months or no breastfeeding) and intermediate (between low and high breastfeeding categories). Aspects of eating behaviour from ages 15 months to 6 years were captured using a combination of maternal reports (Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire; Infant Feeding Questionnaire; Preschooler Feeding Questionnaire) and laboratory-based measures of meal size, oral processing behaviours (e.g. average eating speed and bite size) and tendency to eat in the absence of hunger. Most children had low (44%) or intermediate (44%) breastfeeding exposure; only 12% had high exposure. After adjusting for confounders, multivariable linear regression analyses indicated the high (but not intermediate) breastfeeding group was associated with significantly lower reported food fussiness at 3 years compared to low breastfeeding group (?0.38 [-0.70, ?0.06]), with similar but non-significant trends observed at 6 years (?0.27 [-0.66, 0.11]). At 3 years, mothers in the high breastfeeding group also reported the least difficulty in child feeding compared to low breastfeeding group (?0.22 [-0.43, ?0.01]). However, high breastfeeding was not associated with any other maternal-reports of child feeding or eating behaviours, and no significant associations were observed between breastfeeding exposure and any of the laboratory measures of eating behaviour at any of the time points. These results do not strongly support the view that increased breastfeeding exposure alone has lasting and consistent associations with eating behaviours in early childhood. © 2020
Source Title: Appetite
ISSN: 1956663
DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2020.104653
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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