Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0173202
Title: Analysis of print news media framing of ketamine treatment in the United States and Canada from 2000 to 2015
Authors: Zhang M.W.B. 
Hong Y.X.
Husain S.F. 
Harris K.M.
Ho R.C.M. 
Keywords: antidepressant agent
ketamine
antidepressant agent
ketamine
adverse outcome
Article
Canada
confusion
depression
drug industry
elevated blood pressure
evidence based medicine
human
mass communication
medical literature
neurologic disease
perception disorder
practice guideline
prescription
psychosis
publication
restlessness
risk assessment
risk factor
slurred speech
systematic review
treatment resistant depression
trend study
United States
urine incontinence
vivid dream
Canada
mass medium
mental health
trends
United States
Antidepressive Agents
Canada
Depression
Humans
Ketamine
Mass Media
Mental Health
United States
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: Zhang M.W.B., Hong Y.X., Husain S.F., Harris K.M., Ho R.C.M. (2017). Analysis of print news media framing of ketamine treatment in the United States and Canada from 2000 to 2015. PLoS ONE 12 (3) : e0173202. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0173202
Abstract: Objectives There are multifaceted views on the use of ketamine, a potentially addictive substance, to treat mental health problems. The past 15 years have seen growing media coverage of ketamine for medical and other purposes. This study examined the print news media coverage of medical and other uses of ketamine in North America to determine orientations and trends over time. Methods Print newspaper coverage of ketamine from 2000 to 2015 was reviewed, resulting in 43 print news articles from 28 North American newspapers. A 55-item structured coding instrument was applied to assess news reports of ketamine. Items captured negative and positive aspects, therapeutic use of ketamine, and adverse side effects. Chi-squares tested for changes in trends over time. Results In the 15-year reviewed period, the three most frequent themes related to ketamine were: abuse (68.2%), legal status (34.1%), and clinical use in anesthesia (31.8%). There was significant change in trends during two periods (2000-2007 and 2008-2015). In 2008-2015, print news media articles were significantly more likely to encourage clinical use of ketamine to treat depression (p = 0.002), to treat treatment resistant depression (p = 0.043), and to claim that ketamine is more effective than conventional antidepressants (p = 0.043). Conclusions Our review found consistent positive changes in the portrayals of ketamine by the print news media as a therapeutic antidepressant that mirror the recent scientific publications. These changes in news media reporting might influence the popularity of ketamine use to treat clinical depression. Guidance is required for journalists on objective reporting of medical research findings, including limitations of current research evidence and potential risks of ketamine. © 2017 Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Source Title: PLoS ONE
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/166017
ISSN: 19326203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173202
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