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|Title:||Days out of role due to mental and physical conditions: Results from the Singapore mental health study||Authors:||Abdin E.
generalized anxiety disorder
major clinical study
obsessive compulsive disorder
respiratory tract disease
statistics and numerical data
Aged, 80 and over
|Issue Date:||2016||Publisher:||Public Library of Science||Citation:||Abdin E., Ong C., Chong S.A., Vaingankar J.A., Subramaniam M. (2016). Days out of role due to mental and physical conditions: Results from the Singapore mental health study. PLoS ONE 11 (2) : e0148248. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148248||Abstract:||Objective: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the relative contributions of mental and physical conditions to days out of role among adults aged 18 years and above in Singapore. Methods: The Singapore Mental Health Study was a cross-sectional epidemiological survey of a nationally representative sample of residents aged 18 years or older. Diagnosis of mental disorders was established using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview; while chronic physical conditions were established using a checklist. Days out of role were assessed using a WHO Disability Assessment Schedule item. Multivariate regression analyses were used to estimate individual-level and societal-level effects of disorders. Results: Overall, 8.7% of respondents reported at least one day out of role, with a mean of 5.8 days. The most disabling conditions at the individual level were cancer (118.9 additional days), cardiovascular diseases (93.5), and bipolar disorder (71.0). At the societal level, cardiovascular diseases contributed the highest population attributable risk proportion (45%), followed by cancer (39.3%), and hypertension (13.5%). Conclusions: Mental and physical conditions are linked to significant losses in productivity for society as well as role disability for individuals, underscoring the need to enhance prevention and intervention efforts to increase overall productivity and improve individual functioning. © 2016 Abdin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.||Source Title:||PLoS ONE||URI:||https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/165752||ISSN:||19326203||DOI:||10.1371/journal.pone.0148248|
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