Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148248
Title: Days out of role due to mental and physical conditions: Results from the Singapore mental health study
Authors: Abdin E.
Ong C.
Chong S.A. 
Vaingankar J.A.
Subramaniam M. 
Keywords: adult
aged
alcohol abuse
alcoholism
Article
bipolar disorder
chronic pain
colitis
controlled study
cross-sectional study
diabetes mellitus
disability
dysthymia
female
generalized anxiety disorder
human
hypertension
major clinical study
male
mental disease
mental health
neoplasm
obsessive compulsive disorder
physical disease
prevalence
respiratory tract disease
risk factor
Singapore
ulcer
chronic disease
disabled person
diseases
economics
health survey
medical leave
Mental Disorders
middle aged
productivity
statistics and numerical data
very elderly
young adult
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Chronic Disease
Cross-Sectional Studies
Disabled Persons
Disease
Efficiency
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders
Mental Health
Middle Aged
Sick Leave
Singapore
Young Adult
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: Abdin E., Ong C., Chong S.A., Vaingankar J.A., Subramaniam M. (2016). Days out of role due to mental and physical conditions: Results from the Singapore mental health study. PLoS ONE 11 (2) : e0148248. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148248
Abstract: Objective: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the relative contributions of mental and physical conditions to days out of role among adults aged 18 years and above in Singapore. Methods: The Singapore Mental Health Study was a cross-sectional epidemiological survey of a nationally representative sample of residents aged 18 years or older. Diagnosis of mental disorders was established using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview; while chronic physical conditions were established using a checklist. Days out of role were assessed using a WHO Disability Assessment Schedule item. Multivariate regression analyses were used to estimate individual-level and societal-level effects of disorders. Results: Overall, 8.7% of respondents reported at least one day out of role, with a mean of 5.8 days. The most disabling conditions at the individual level were cancer (118.9 additional days), cardiovascular diseases (93.5), and bipolar disorder (71.0). At the societal level, cardiovascular diseases contributed the highest population attributable risk proportion (45%), followed by cancer (39.3%), and hypertension (13.5%). Conclusions: Mental and physical conditions are linked to significant losses in productivity for society as well as role disability for individuals, underscoring the need to enhance prevention and intervention efforts to increase overall productivity and improve individual functioning. © 2016 Abdin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Source Title: PLoS ONE
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/165752
ISSN: 19326203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0148248
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