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Title: Freedom of Mobility: The Paradoxes
Authors: Nirnaya Bhatta
Janani Balasubramaniam
Keywords: Kafala
unethical recruitment
poor protection of migrant workers
Middle East
labour migration
Foreign labour
South East Asia
Social Policy
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2018
Citation: Nirnaya Bhatta, Janani Balasubramaniam (2018-03-01). Freedom of Mobility: The Paradoxes : 1-14. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The kafala (sponsorship) system was a framework that governs the relationship between migrant workers and their employers in the GCC countries. Without the permission of the kafeel (the sponsor), the migrant worker can neither enter nor exit the country. With rapid economic development, the GCC countries needed to import millions of low skilled workers quickly, and this system was introduced to manage the influx. This case study examines the plight of these migrant workers in the GCC under the kafala system.
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