Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145903
Title: Polyphyly of asian tree toads, genus pedostibes G鰊ther, 1876 (Anura: Bufonidae), and the description of a new genus from southeast Asia
Authors: Chan K.O. 
Lee Grismer L.
Zachariah A.
Brown R.M.
Abraham R.K.
Keywords: Anura
Bufonidae
cladistics
genus
India
morphology
new genus
polyphyly
river
Southeast Asia
species
anatomy and histology
animal
animal structures
Bufonidae
classification
evolution
female
genetics
male
molecular evolution
phylogeny
Southeast Asia
Animal Structures
Animals
Asia, Southeastern
Biological Evolution
Bufonidae
Evolution, Molecular
Female
India
Male
Phylogeny
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Chan K.O., Lee Grismer L., Zachariah A., Brown R.M., Abraham R.K. (2016). Polyphyly of asian tree toads, genus pedostibes G鰊ther, 1876 (Anura: Bufonidae), and the description of a new genus from southeast Asia. PLoS ONE 11 (1) : A1209. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145903
Abstract: The Asian Tree Toad genus Pedostibes, as currently understood, exhibits a conspicuously disjunct distribution, posing several immediate questions relating to the biogeography and taxonomy of this poorly known group. The type species, P.Tuberculosus and P. kempi, are known only from India, whereas P. hosii, P. rugosus, and P. everetti are restricted to Southeast Asia. Several studies have shown that these allopatric groups are polyphyletic, with the Indian Pedostibes embedded within a primarily South Asian clade of toads, containing the genera Adenomus, Xanthophryne, and Duttaphrynus. Southeast Asian Pedostibes on the other hand, are nested within a Southeast Asian clade, which is the sister lineage to the Southeast Asian river toad genus Phrynoidis.We demonstrate that Indian and Southeast Asian Pedostibes are not only allopatric and polyphyletic, but also exhibit significant differences in morphology and reproductive mode, indicating that the Southeast Asian species' are not congeneric with the true Pedostibes of India. As a taxonomic solution, we describe a new genus, Rentapia gen. nov.To accommodate the Southeast Asian species. � 2016 Chan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Source Title: PLoS ONE
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/161594
ISSN: 19326203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0145903
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