Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/153843
Title: EFFECTIVENESS OF UNIVERSAL EATING DISORDER PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS AT IMPROVING BODY IMAGE AMONG CHILDREN : A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS.
Authors: CHUA YAN XIN, JOELLE
Keywords: Eating disorders
children
body image
universal
prevent
Issue Date: 25-May-2019
Citation: CHUA YAN XIN, JOELLE (2019-05-25). EFFECTIVENESS OF UNIVERSAL EATING DISORDER PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS AT IMPROVING BODY IMAGE AMONG CHILDREN : A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS.. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background Today, children show signs of poor body image, internalising appearance ideals and low self-esteem, placing them at risk for eating disorders. Able to target children regardless of their risk status, universal eating disorder prevention interventions warrant evaluation. Objective To examine the effectiveness of universal eating disorder prevention interventions at improving body image (body satisfaction, body dissatisfaction and body esteem), internalisation of appearance ideals and self-esteem among children aged 5-17 years old. Design A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials and clinical controlled trials. Method English language studies were sourced from nine electronic databases (PsycINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, Mednar and Proquest) from inception until 22/9/2018. The Cochrane Risk of Bias tool assessed each study’s risk of bias while the GRADE approach judged overall evidence for each review outcome. Meta-analysis was conducted using the random-effect model to obtain Standardised Mean Differences with 95% Confidence Intervals under the Inverse-Variance method. Heterogeneity was assessed using I² statistic and Cochran Q chi-squared test. Publication bias was assessed using funnel plots. Results Twenty-four studies (22 trials) out of the 11,140 articles retrieved were included in this review. Outcomes were graded very low or low quality using the GRADE xii approach. One construct of body image (body esteem), internalisation of appearance ideals and self-esteem showed significant improvement post-intervention and follow-up. Subgroup analyses according to gender, personnel delivering intervention, intervention duration, single-gender versus mixed-gender intervention delivery (girls) and follow-up duration were conducted. Conclusion Universal eating disorder prevention interventions are effective in reducing children’s risk of developing eating disorders. Recommendation Findings encourage incorporation of universal preventive interventions into the school curriculum to benefit most children. Higher quality trials are required to ensure the reliability and validity of the evidence gathered.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/153843
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormatAccess SettingsVersion 
CHUA YAN XIN, JOELLE_A0142971A.pdf1.88 MBAdobe PDF

RESTRICTED

NoneLog In

Page view(s)

115
checked on Oct 16, 2020

Download(s)

77
checked on Oct 16, 2020

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.