Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/153833
Title: PERCEPTION OF SPIRITUALITY AMONGST THE OLDER ADULTS: A DESCRIPTIVE QUALITATIVE STUDY
Authors: CHIA RUI LIN
Keywords: Spirituality
spiritual care
older adults
ageing
Issue Date: 25-May-2019
Citation: CHIA RUI LIN (2019-05-25). PERCEPTION OF SPIRITUALITY AMONGST THE OLDER ADULTS: A DESCRIPTIVE QUALITATIVE STUDY. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: Elusive and multi-dimensional, spirituality has varied conceptualizations among cultures. Spirituality is perceived as central to older adults’ well-being and addressing spirituality is relevant in holistic nursing care. In Singapore’s growing ageing population and longevity rates, addressing spirituality has pertinent potential in imbuing better ageing-in-place within the community. While majority of spirituality studies are based in homogeneous Western societies, this study is warranted to augment the perceptions of spirituality in the Asian, heterogeneous context. Aim: This study explored the perception of spirituality and spiritual needs among Singapore community-dwelling older adults. Methods: A descriptive qualitative design was adopted. 16 older adults aged 55 to 80 were purposively sampled from four senior activity centres of a voluntary welfare organization in Singapore to reach data saturation. Semi-structured face-to-face individual interviews were conducted between September 2018 and November 2018. Verbatim transcriptions of audio-recorded interviews and written field notes were analysed using Braun and Clarke’s 6-phase thematic analysis. A conceptual framework using the BMSEST model (body, mind, spirit, environment, social, transcendent) guided the study. Results: Four themes had emerged from the analysis: (1) A living philosophy, (2) Bedrock of empowerment, (3) The human touch in spiritual provision and (4) Salience of mortality. Conclusion: Spirituality, in its secular and religious dimensions, is salient among Singapore older adults. Addressing spiritual needs and receiving spiritual care in the community and healthcare settings can pertinently enhance health and quality of life. Implications: Older adults may be empowered spiritually in the community through active participation and strengthened touchpoints. They can enhance meaning making and diminish isolation. Nurses’ provision of spiritual care may be universal ix and interwoven within nursing tasks for effective nurse-patient communication and meeting spiritual needs. Hard and soft skills vital for spiritual care may be further imbued in nursing education.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/153833
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses

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