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|Title:||Anti-survivin effect of the small molecule inhibitor YM155 in RCC cells is mediated by time-dependent inhibition of the NF-?B pathway||Authors:||Sim M.Y.
|Issue Date:||2018||Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group||Citation:||Sim M.Y., Yuen J.S.P., Go M.L. (2018). Anti-survivin effect of the small molecule inhibitor YM155 in RCC cells is mediated by time-dependent inhibition of the NF-?B pathway. Scientific Reports 8 (1) : 10289. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-28213-3||Abstract:||Constitutive activation of the NF-?B signaling cascade is associated with tumourigenesis and poor prognosis in many human cancers including RCC. YM155, a small molecule inhibitor of survivin, was previously shown to potently inhibit the viability of immortalized and patient derived renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines. Here we investigated the role of NF-?B signaling to the anti-cancer properties of YM155 in RCC786.0 cells. YM155 diminished nuclear levels of p65 and phosphorylated p65 and attenuated the transcriptional competencies of the p65/p50 heterodimers. Accordingly, we found that YM155 diminished the transcription of NF-?B target gene survivin. Events that led to the interception of the nuclear translocation of p65/p50 were the activation of the deubiquinating enzyme CYLD by YM155, which led to the inhibition of IKK?, stabilization of I?B? and retention of NF-?B heterodimers in the cytosol. Importantly, the suppressive effects of YM155 were time-dependent and observed at the 24 h time point, and not earlier. TNF-?, a stimulator of NF-?B signaling did not affect its inhibitory properties. The ability of YM155 to intercept a major transcriptional pathway like NF-?B, would have important ramifications on the pharmacodynamics effects elicited by this unusual molecule. © 2018 The Author(s).||Source Title:||Scientific Reports||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/152527||ISSN:||20452322||DOI:||10.1038/s41598-018-28213-3|
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