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|Title:||Epigenomic control of thermogenic adipocyte differentiation and function||Authors:||Peng X.
|Keywords:||Adipocyte; DNA methylation; Epigenome; Histone modification; Thermogenesis||Issue Date:||2018||Publisher:||MDPI AG||Citation:||Peng X., Zhang Q., Liao C., Han W., Xu F. (2018). Epigenomic control of thermogenic adipocyte differentiation and function. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 19 (6) : 1-14. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19061793||Abstract:||Obesity and its associated metabolic disorders are spreading at a fast pace throughout the world; thus, effective therapeutic approaches are necessary to combat this epidemic. Obesity develops when there is a greater caloric intake than energy expenditure. Promoting energy expenditure has recently attracted much attention as a promising approach for the management of body weight. Thermogenic adipocytes are capable of burning fat to dissipate chemical energy into heat, thereby enhancing energy expenditure. After the recent re-discovery of thermogenic adipocytes in adult humans, much effort has focused on understanding the molecular mechanisms, especially the epigenetic mechanisms, which regulate thermogenic adipocyte development and function. A number of chromatin signatures, such as histone modifications, DNA methylation, chromatin accessibilities, and interactions, have been profiled at the genome level and analyzed in various murine and human thermogenic fat cell systems. Moreover, writers and erasers, as well as readers of the epigenome are also investigated using genomic tools in thermogenic adipocytes. In this review, we summarize and discuss the recent advance in these studies and highlight the insights gained into the epigenomic regulation of thermogenic program as well as the pathogenesis of human metabolic diseases. © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.||Source Title:||International Journal of Molecular Sciences||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/152512||ISSN:||16616596||DOI:||10.3390/ijms19061793|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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