Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/151590
Title: DNMT3B-DNA AND RNA INTERACTIONS
Authors: TAN HONG KEE
ORCID iD:   orcid.org/0000-0002-3653-9740
Keywords: DNMT3B, CpA DNA methylation, PWWP Domain, H3K36me3, Bivalent Promoter, Embryonic Stem Cell,
Issue Date: 17-Aug-2018
Citation: TAN HONG KEE (2018-08-17). DNMT3B-DNA AND RNA INTERACTIONS. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The preferential target sites of DNMT3B for DNA methylation are largely unknown. Our analysis on ChIP-seq experiment in human embryonic stem cells (hESC) revealed that DNMT3B, mCA, and H3K36me3 share the same genomic distribution profile. Deletion of DNMT3B or its histone-interacting-domain (PWWP) demolished mCA in hESCs, suggesting that PWWP domain of DNMT3B directs the formation of mCA landscape. In contrast to the common presumption that PWWP guides DNMT3B-mediated mCG deposition, we found that deleting PWWP does not affect the mCG landscape. Nonetheless, DNMT3B knockout led to the formation of 2985 de novo hypomethylated regions at annotated promoter sites. Most of these promoters possess the bivalent marks, H3K4me3 and H3K27me3. We call them spurious bivalent promoters. Gene ontology analysis associated spurious bivalent promoters with development and cell differentiation. Overall, we found the importance of DNMT3B for shaping the mCA landscape and for maintaining the fidelity of the bivalent promoters in hESCs.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/151590
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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