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Title: Novel composite cermet for low-metal-content oxygen separation membranes
Authors: Ruiz-Trejo E.
Boldrin P.
Lubin A.
Tariq F.
Fearn S.
Chater R.
Cook S.N. 
Atkinson A.
Gruar R.I.
Tighe C.J.
Darr J.
Brandon N.P.
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Ruiz-Trejo E., Boldrin P., Lubin A., Tariq F., Fearn S., Chater R., Cook S.N., Atkinson A., Gruar R.I., Tighe C.J., Darr J., Brandon N.P. (2014). Novel composite cermet for low-metal-content oxygen separation membranes. Chemistry of Materials 26 (13) : 3887-3895. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A dense composite of silver and Ce0.8Sm0.2O 2-� (Ag-CSO) was manufactured from ceramic nanoparticles coated by electroless deposition of silver. At 700 �C, a 1-mm-thick membrane of the composite delivered an excellent oxygen permeation rate from air with a value of 0.04 ? mol cm-2 s-1, using argon as the sweep gas and 0.17 ? mol cm-2 s-1 using hydrogen. The low sintering temperature of the CSO nanoparticles allows the use of Ag rather than Pt or Pd and reduces the amount of metal needed for electronic conductivity to just 5.6 vol %, which is lower than any value reported in the literature. Oxygen diffusivity measurements confirmed that the oxygen migration remained high in the composite, with an increase in surface exchange coefficient of three orders of magnitude over Gd-doped ceria. The ease of membrane fabrication, combined with encouraging oxygen permeation rates, demonstrate the promise of the material for high-purity oxygen separation below 700�C. ? 2014 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Chemistry of Materials
ISSN: 8974756
DOI: 10.1021/cm501490n
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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