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Title: Salvage assessment with cardiac MRI following acute myocardial infarction underestimates potential for recovery of systolic strain
Authors: O'Regan D.P.
Ariff B.
Baksi A.J.
Gordon F.
Durighel G.
Cook S.A. 
Keywords: Computer-assisted radiographic image interpretation
Magnetic resonance imaging
Myocardial infarction
Myocardial ischemia
Myocardial stunning
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Citation: O'Regan D.P., Ariff B., Baksi A.J., Gordon F., Durighel G., Cook S.A. (2013). Salvage assessment with cardiac MRI following acute myocardial infarction underestimates potential for recovery of systolic strain. European Radiology 23 (5) : 1210-1217. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between the degree of salvage following acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and subsequent reversible contractile dysfunction using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. Methods: Thirty-four patients underwent CMR examination 1-7 days after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for acute STEMI with follow-up at 1 year. The ischaemic area-at-risk (AAR) was assessed with T2-weighted imaging and myocardial necrosis with late gadolinium enhancement. Myocardial strain was quantified with complementary spatial modulation of magnetisation (CSPAMM) tagging. Results: Ischaemic segments with poor (<25 %) or intermediate (26-50 %) salvage index were associated with worse Eulerian circumferential (Ecc) strain immediately post-PPCI (-9.1 % � 0.6, P = 0.033 and -11.8 % � 1.3, P = 0.003, respectively) than those with a high (51-100 %) salvage index (-14.4 % � 1.3). Mean strain in ischaemic myocardium improved between baseline and follow-up (-10.1 % � 0.5 vs. -16.2 % � 0.5 %, P < 0.0001). Segments with poor salvage also showed an improvement in strain by 1 year (-9.1 % � 0.6 vs. -15.3 % � 0.6, P = 0.033) although they remained the most functionally impaired. Conclusions: Partial recovery of peak systolic strain following PPCI is observed even when apparent salvage is less than 25 %. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) may not equate to irreversibly injured myocardium and salvage assessment performed within the first week of revascularisation may underestimate the potential for functional recovery. Key Points: � MRI can measure how much myocardium is damaged after a heart attack. � Heart muscle that appears initially non-viable may sometimes partially recover. � Enhancement around the edges of infarcts may resolve over time. � Evaluating new cardio-protective treatments with MRI requires appreciation of its limitations. � 2012 European Society of Radiology.
Source Title: European Radiology
ISSN: 9387994
DOI: 10.1007/s00330-012-2715-8
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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