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Title: Oxygen ion diffusion and surface exchange properties of the ?- And ?-phases of Bi2O3
Authors: Bayliss R.D.
Cook S.N. 
Kotsantonis S.
Chater R.J.
Kilner J.A.
Keywords: bismuth oxide
fuel cells
oxide ion conductors
surface exchange
tracer diffusion coefficients
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag
Citation: Bayliss R.D., Cook S.N., Kotsantonis S., Chater R.J., Kilner J.A. (2014). Oxygen ion diffusion and surface exchange properties of the ?- And ?-phases of Bi2O3. Advanced Energy Materials 4 (10) : 1301575. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Fast oxide ion conduction is a highly desirable property for materials in a wide range of applications. The fastest reported ionic conductor, representing the current state of the art and an oft-proposed effective limit of oxide ion conductivity, is the high temperature fluorite-structured ? phase of Bi2O3. Here, the ionic nature of this conduction is, for the first time, directly determined through oxygen tracer diffusion measurements. This phase also presents a remarkably high oxygen surface exchange coefficient, competitive with the highest performance solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathodes yet counterintuitively in a material with negligible electronic conduction. The low temperature ?-Bi2O3 polymorph is also investigated, revealing a remarkable drop in diffusivity of over 7 orders of magnitude with a temperature drop of just =150 �C. Surprisingly, the diffusion studies also reveal a secondary, significantly faster migration pathway in the ? phase. This is attributed to grain boundary conduction and shown to be 3-4 orders of magnitude higher than in the bulk. This previously unobserved property could present an exciting opportunity to tailor ionic conductivity levels through manipulating microstructure down to the nanoscale. � 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Source Title: Advanced Energy Materials
ISSN: 16146832
DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201301575
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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