Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/146971
Title: THE GENDER DIFFERENTIAL IN PARENTHOOD FOR PARLIAMENTARIANS: EVIDENCE FROM SINGAPORE.
Authors: ELLEN ZENG BORAN
Keywords: Gender division, political representation, women, motherhood
Issue Date: 9-Apr-2018
Citation: ELLEN ZENG BORAN (2018-04-09). THE GENDER DIFFERENTIAL IN PARENTHOOD FOR PARLIAMENTARIANS: EVIDENCE FROM SINGAPORE.. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Much of women’s representation in parliament and parenthood have been examined separately and studied in the Western context. I collect two data sets, one on Singapore’s parliamentarians from 1992-2016 and another on individuals in elite positions of non-parliament sectors in 2006. I find that a gender gap exists in substantive representation despite more women being in parliament. I further investigate whether there are heterogeneous effects of parenthood associated with gender on likelihood of entry into parliament and holding higher-ranking positions. The results indicate that women seem to face a penalty of motherhood at entry level but experience an advantage of having children when it comes to the likelihood of holding higher-ranking positions. I also find an ability threshold differential between men and women in parliament, where controlling for qualifications increases the gender gap in holding higher-ranking positions. This study contributes to the understanding of the gender gap in political leadership.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/146971
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