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Title: The State of Mangroves in Tanintharyi (Myanmar) from 1989-2014, and its Implications for Coastal Management
Authors: Leon GAW Yan Feng
Keywords: Change Detection, Coastal Management, Conservation, Land Cover, LANDSAT, Mapping, Remote Sensing, Policy, Threat.
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Leon GAW Yan Feng (2015). The State of Mangroves in Tanintharyi (Myanmar) from 1989-2014, and its Implications for Coastal Management. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Myanmar is a country with diverse coastal and marine habitats threatened by accelerated development as a result of recent political reforms that opened up the country to international trade and investment. Mangrove deforestation in the Ayeyarwady delta is a prime example, but less is known about the mangroves in Tanintharyi further south. To address this knowledge gap, changes to the mangrove areas in Tanintharyi from 1989-2014 were investigated, which informed recommendations for potential coastal management policies. Analysis performed by remote sensing was used to quantify rates of change while GIS identified highly threatened areas of mangroves. The results show that Tanintharyi had retained most of its mangrove forest, with a nett decrease of only 2.5% in mangrove area over 25 years. The changes are characterised by large losses to croplands and gains from non-mangrove vegetation. Almost all (98%) of the mangroves are at some risk of deforestation due to proximity to roads and settlements but none are legally protected. This presented a case for proactive intervention in conserving the relatively untouched mangroves in the face of encroaching coastal developments in Tanintharyi. This can be achieved via sustainable coastal management through active government intervention; community forestry in mangrove villages; promoting ecotourism in Tanintharyi; and working together with international ENGOs for resource provisioning and technical assistance.
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses

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