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Title: Singapore’s Environmental Governance: The state-society relations in the coastal-marine environmental sector and its effects on environmental sustainability
Authors: Ho Shu Ying
Keywords: Coastal-Marine Environment, Environmental Governance, Sustainability, Participation, Civil Society, Environmental Awareness
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Ho Shu Ying (2015). Singapore’s Environmental Governance: The state-society relations in the coastal-marine environmental sector and its effects on environmental sustainability. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In recent decades, the rise of ‘new’ governance because of the emergence of globalization and the new political economy, have resulted in the dualistic effects of societal denationalization and global level economic integration. The state saw a ‘hollowing out’ of its power upwards, downwards as well as outwards. Hence, previous interactions between the state and its society became mercurial due to the reconfiguration of scale and its hierarchies with the introduction of new networks and social actors, brought about by new forms of governance. Therefore, this thesis seeks to investigate whether a more participatory style of governance has effects on coastal-marine environmental sustainability (CME) sustainability in Singapore, by focusing on the current nature of state-society relations. Overall, Singapore’s more collaborative form of CME has led to public and civil society participation in the CME’s decision-making processes. Civil society engagement has enabled an increase in CME awareness and a change in attitudes towards CME in the state and the public sector because of the new functions undertaken by civil society, which has led to the slow but steady progress of Singapore towards achieving CME sustainability. However, Singapore’s dominant materialist values have undermined and obstructed its progression towards achieving CME sustainability. In order to move forward, an increased civil society engagement has to occur through the inculcation of civic values, which the Singapore government has been actively promoting. The propagation and adoption of civic-mindedness will not only help Singapore attain CME sustainability, in turn, it may also bridge the overall “value-action gap” that exists in Singapore in the environmental sector as a whole. Therefore, providing hope for not only the CME, but Singapore’s vision of being an environmentally sustainable nation as well.
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses

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