Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/139521
Title: OF CO-OPTATION AND RESISTANCE: RELIGION AND THE STATE IN MALAYSIA AND SOUTHERN THAILAND
Authors: WALID JUMBLATT BIN ABDULLAH
Keywords: Islam, state, Malaysia, Southern Thailand, ulama
Issue Date: 27-Jul-2017
Citation: WALID JUMBLATT BIN ABDULLAH (2017-07-27). OF CO-OPTATION AND RESISTANCE: RELIGION AND THE STATE IN MALAYSIA AND SOUTHERN THAILAND. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This dissertation investigates the relationship(s) between the state and Islam in Malaysia and Southern Thailand. I focus on the role of the ulama (the Islamic religious scholars), and address two central questions: 1) under what conditions do the religious elites oppose or cooperate with the state, and 2) what are the consequences of the ensuing relationships between the ulama and the state? I postulate a two-part argument. First, the ulama decide to resist, be co-opted by, or remain neutral to, the state, in accordance with their political opportunity structures. The wider the political opportunity structures, the more room the ulama have to manoeuvre, and the more influence they can exert on political outcomes. Second, the interactions between the ulama and the state redefine the contours of the ‘state’ and even ‘Islam’ itself. In Malaysia, the political opportunity structures enable the ulama to drive the phenomenon of rising conservatism. In Southern Thailand, where the political opportunity structures are more inhibiting for the ulama, it is them who have modified their understandings of ‘Islam’.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/139521
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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