Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/138212
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dc.titleEPIGENOMIC PROMOTER PROFILING OF GASTRIC ADENOCARCINOMA
dc.contributor.authorADITI QAMRA
dc.date.accessioned2017-12-31T18:01:39Z
dc.date.available2017-12-31T18:01:39Z
dc.date.issued2017-08-04
dc.identifier.citationADITI QAMRA (2017-08-04). EPIGENOMIC PROMOTER PROFILING OF GASTRIC ADENOCARCINOMA. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
dc.identifier.urihttp://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/138212
dc.description.abstractPromoter elements play important roles in isoform and cell type–specific expression. We surveyed the epigenomic promoter landscape of gastric adenocarcinoma, analyzing 110 chromatin profiles (H3K4me3, H3K4me1, H3K27ac) of primary gastric cancers, gastric cancer lines, and nonmalignant gastric tissues. We identified nearly 2,000 promoter alterations (somatic promoters), many deregulated in various epithelial malignancies and mapping frequently to alternative promoters within the same gene, generating potential pro-oncogenic isoforms (RASA3). Somatic promoter–associated N-terminal peptides displaying relative depletion in tumors exhibited high-affinity MHC binding predictions and elicited potent T-cell responses in vitro, suggesting a mechanism for reducing tumor antigenicity. In multiple patient cohorts, gastric cancers with high somatic promoter usage also displayed reduced T-cell cytolytic marker expression. By generating tumor-specific isoforms and decreasing tumor antigenicity, epigenomic promoter alterations may thus drive intrinsic tumorigenesis and also allow nascent cancers to evade host immunity.
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectGastric Adenocarcinoma, Epigenomics
dc.typeThesis
dc.contributor.departmentPHYSIOLOGY
dc.contributor.supervisorTAN BOON OOI, PATRICK
dc.description.degreePh.D
dc.description.degreeconferredDOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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