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Title: In Vitro Micropatterned Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Test (μP-hPST) for Morphometric-Based Teratogen Screening
Authors: Xing, Jiangwa
Cao, Yue
Yu, Yang
Li, Huan
Song, Ziwei
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2017
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Xing, Jiangwa, Cao, Yue, Yu, Yang, Li, Huan, Song, Ziwei, Yu,Hanry (2017-12-01). In Vitro Micropatterned Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Test (μP-hPST) for Morphometric-Based Teratogen Screening. Scientific Reports 7 (1) : Article number 8491. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Exposure to teratogenic chemicals during pregnancy may cause severe birth defects. Due to high inter-species variation of drug responses as well as financial and ethical burdens, despite the widely use of in vivo animal tests, it's crucial to develop highly predictive human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC)-based in vitro assays to identify potential teratogens. Previously we have shown that the morphological disruption of mesoendoderm patterns formed by geometrically-confined cell differentiation and migration using hPSCs could potentially serve as a sensitive morphological marker in teratogen detection. Here, a micropatterned human pluripotent stem cell test (µP-hPST) assay was developed using 30 pharmaceutical compounds. A simplified morphometric readout was developed to quantify the mesoendoderm pattern changes and a two-step classification rule was generated to identify teratogens. The optimized µP-hPST could classify the 30 compounds with 97% accuracy, 100% specificity and 93% sensitivity. Compared with metabolic biomarker-based hPSC assay by Stemina, the µP-hPST could successfully identify misclassified drugs Bosentan, Diphenylhydantoin and Lovastatin, and show a higher accuracy and sensitivity. This scalable µP-hPST may serve as either an independent assay or a complement assay for existing assays to reduce animal use, accelerate early discovery-phase drug screening and help general chemical screening of human teratogens.
Source Title: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 20452322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-09178-1
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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