Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/137684
Title: SPATIAL MECHANICAL REGULATION OF EPHA2-INTEGRIN SIGNALING
Authors: CHEN ZHONGWEN
Keywords: EphA2, integrin, cell signaling, supported lipid bilayer, microfabrication, single molecule tracking
Issue Date: 17-Aug-2017
Citation: CHEN ZHONGWEN (2017-08-17). SPATIAL MECHANICAL REGULATION OF EPHA2-INTEGRIN SIGNALING. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Recent studies have revealed pronounced effects of the spatial distribution of EphA2 receptors on cellular response to receptor activation. However, little is known about molecular mechanisms underlying this spatial sensitivity. In this thesis, I introduce a hybrid live cell-patterned supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) experimental platform in which the sites of EphA2 activation and integrin adhesion are spatially controlled. Fluid EphrinA1 presented on SLBs engages with cellular EphA2 receptors to form clusters, which significantly increases EphA2 signaling efficiency. Results showed that ligand dependent EphA2 activation induces localized myosin-dependent contractions while simultaneously increasing focal adhesion dynamics throughout the cell. Mechanistically, Src kinase is activated at sites of ephrinA1:EphA2 clustering and subsequently diffuses on the membrane to focal adhesions, where it upregulates FAK and paxillin tyrosine phosphorylation. EphrinA1:EphA2 signaling triggers multiple cellular responses with differing spatial dependencies to enable a directed migratory response to spatially resolved contact with ephrinA1 ligands.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/137684
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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