Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114517000848
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dc.titleFaster eating rates are associated with higher energy intakes during an ad libitum meal, higher BMI and greater adiposity among 4·5-year-old children: Results from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) cohort
dc.contributor.authorFogel, Anna
dc.contributor.authorGoh, Ai Ting
dc.contributor.authorFries, Lisa R
dc.contributor.authorSadananthan, Suresh A
dc.contributor.authorVelan, S Sendhil
dc.contributor.authorMichael, Navin
dc.contributor.authorMya Thway Tint
dc.contributor.authorFortier, Marielle V
dc.contributor.authorChan, Mei Jun
dc.contributor.authorToh, Jia Ying
dc.contributor.authorCHONG YAP SENG
dc.contributor.authorTan, Kok Hian
dc.contributor.authorYap, Fabian
dc.contributor.authorSHEK PEI-CHI,LYNETTE
dc.contributor.authorMeaney, Michael J
dc.contributor.authorBROEKMAN BIRIT FROUKJE PHILIPP
dc.contributor.authorLEE YUNG SENG
dc.contributor.authorGodfrey, Keith M
dc.contributor.authorMARY CHONG FOONG FONG
dc.contributor.authorCIARAN GERARD FORDE
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-02T08:52:53Z
dc.date.available2017-11-02T08:52:53Z
dc.date.issued2017-04-14
dc.identifier.citationFogel, Anna, Goh, Ai Ting, Fries, Lisa R, Sadananthan, Suresh A, Velan, S Sendhil, Michael, Navin, Mya Thway Tint, Fortier, Marielle V, Chan, Mei Jun, Toh, Jia Ying, CHONG YAP SENG, Tan, Kok Hian, Yap, Fabian, SHEK PEI-CHI,LYNETTE, Meaney, Michael J, BROEKMAN BIRIT FROUKJE PHILIPP, LEE YUNG SENG, Godfrey, Keith M, MARY CHONG FOONG FONG, CIARAN GERARD FORDE (2017-04-14). Faster eating rates are associated with higher energy intakes during an ad libitum meal, higher BMI and greater adiposity among 4·5-year-old children: Results from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) cohort. British Journal of Nutrition 117 (7) : 1042-1051. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114517000848
dc.identifier.issn00071145
dc.identifier.urihttp://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/137201
dc.description.abstractFaster eating rates are associated with increased energy intake, but little is known about the relationship between children's eating rate, food intake and adiposity. We examined whether children who eat faster consume more energy and whether this is associated with higher weight status and adiposity. We hypothesised that eating rate mediates the relationship between child weight and ad libitum energy intake. Children (n 386) from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes cohort participated in a video-recorded ad libitum lunch at 4·5 years to measure acute energy intake. Videos were coded for three eating-behaviours (bites, chews and swallows) to derive a measure of eating rate (g/min). BMI and anthropometric indices of adiposity were measured. A subset of children underwent MRI scanning (n 153) to measure abdominal subcutaneous and visceral adiposity. Children above/below the median eating rate were categorised as slower and faster eaters, and compared across body composition measures. There was a strong positive relationship between eating rate and energy intake (r 0·61, P<0·001) and a positive linear relationship between eating rate and children's BMI status. Faster eaters consumed 75 % more energy content than slower eating children (Δ548 kJ (Δ131 kcal); 95 % CI 107·6, 154·4, P<0·001), and had higher whole-body (P<0·05) and subcutaneous abdominal adiposity (Δ118·3 cc; 95 % CI 24·0, 212·7, P=0·014). Mediation analysis showed that eating rate mediates the link between child weight and energy intake during a meal (b 13·59; 95 % CI 7·48, 21·83). Children who ate faster had higher energy intake, and this was associated with increased BMI z-score and adiposity.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherCambridge University Press
dc.subjectBMI z BMI z-score
dc.subjectSAT subcutaneous adipose tissue
dc.subjectVA visceral adipose tissue
dc.subjectAdiposity
dc.subjectChildhood obesity
dc.subjectChildren
dc.subjectEating rate
dc.subjectEnergy intake
dc.subjectMastication
dc.subjectBody Mass Index
dc.subjectChild Development
dc.subjectChild, Preschool
dc.subjectCohort Studies
dc.subjectDiet
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectLunch
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectNutrition Surveys
dc.subjectOverweight
dc.subjectPediatric Obesity
dc.subjectSingapore
dc.subjectTime Factors
dc.subjectVideo Recording
dc.subjectAdiposity
dc.subjectChild Behavior
dc.subjectChild Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
dc.subjectEnergy Intake
dc.subjectFeeding Behavior
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentDEPT OF PAEDIATRICS
dc.description.doi10.1017/S0007114517000848
dc.description.sourcetitleBritish Journal of Nutrition
dc.description.volume117
dc.description.issue7
dc.description.page1042-1051
dc.identifier.isiut000402053600014
dc.published.statePublished
dc.grant.idNMRC/TCR/004-NUS/2008
dc.grant.fundingagencyNational Medical Research Council (Singapore)
dc.grant.fundingagencyNational Research Foundation
dc.description.seriesGUSTO (Growing up towards Healthy Outcomes)
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