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Title: Associations of Maternal Dietary Patterns during Pregnancy with Offspring Adiposity from Birth Until 54 Months of Age
Authors: Chen Ling Wei 
Izzuddin M. Aris
Jonathan Y. Bernard
Tint Mya Thway 
Airu Chia
Majorelee Colega
Gluckman Peter D. 
Shek Lynette Pei Chi 
Saw Seang Mei 
Yap Seng Chong 
Fabian Yap 
Keith M. Godfrey
Rob M. van Dam 
Chong Mary Foong Fong 
Lee Yung Seng 
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Chen Ling Wei, Izzuddin M. Aris, Jonathan Y. Bernard, Tint Mya Thway, Airu Chia, Majorelee Colega, Gluckman Peter D., Shek Lynette Pei Chi, Saw Seang Mei, Yap Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Keith M. Godfrey, Rob M. van Dam, Chong Mary Foong Fong, Lee Yung Seng (2016). Associations of Maternal Dietary Patterns during Pregnancy with Offspring Adiposity from Birth Until 54 Months of Age. Nutrients 9 (1) : article no. 2. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Most studies linking maternal diet with offspring adiposity have focused on single nutrients or foods, but a dietary pattern approach is more representative of the overall diet. We thus aimed to investigate the relations between maternal dietary patterns and offspring adiposity in a multi-ethnic Asian mother-offspring cohort in Singapore. We derived maternal dietary patterns using maternal dietary intake information at 26-28 weeks of gestation, of which associations with offspring body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (AC), subscapular skinfold (SS), and triceps skinfold (TS) were assessed using longitudinal data analysis (linear mixed effects (LME)) and multiple linear regression at ages 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 24, 36, 48, and 54 months. Three dietary patterns were derived: (1) vegetables-fruit-and-white rice (VFR); (2) seafood-and-noodles (SfN); and (3) pasta-cheese-and-bread (PCB). In the LME model adjusting for potential confounders, each standard deviation (SD) increase in maternal VFR pattern score was associated with 0.09 mm lower offspring TS. Individual time-point analysis additionally revealed that higher VFR score was generally associated with lower postnatal offspring BMI z-score, TS, SS, and sum of skinfolds (SS + TS) at ages 18 months and older. Maternal adherence to a dietary pattern characterized by higher intakes of fruit and vegetables and lower intakes of fast food was associated with lower offspring adiposity. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: Nutrients
ISSN: 20726643
DOI: 10.3390/nu9010002
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