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dc.titleRight-sided colonic diverticular disease as a source of lower gastrointestinal bleeding
dc.contributor.authorSo, J.B.
dc.contributor.authorKok, K.
dc.contributor.authorNgoi, S.-S.
dc.identifier.citationSo, J.B., Kok, K., Ngoi, S.-S. (1999-04). Right-sided colonic diverticular disease as a source of lower gastrointestinal bleeding. American Surgeon 65 (4) : 299-302. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
dc.description.abstractRight-sided colonic diverticular disease is a distinct disease entity uncommon in the West. Occasionally, the condition may be complicated by hemorrhage and present as lower gastrointestinal bleeding. We report a series of 25 cases of bleeding right colon diverticulosis and discuss its presentation and management. Patients were selected from the colonoscopic reports of all 190 patients presented with suspected acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding in National University Hospital, Singapore, from 1988 to 1994. Fifty-seven patients (30%) had bleeding diverticulosis in which 25 patients (44%) suffered from right-sided disease. Sixty-four per cent of patients had a history of hypertension. Patients presented with either fresh blood in stools or melena. Fifteen patients (60%) required blood transfusion (median, 2 units). Colonoscopy showed blood clots in the right colon in 15 cases (60%) and active bleeding from the right colon diverticula in 3 patients (12%). The bleeding stopped spontaneously in 16 patients (64%). The other 9 patients required surgery because of continuous or recurrent bleeding. All had a right hemicolectomy performed. The hospital stay was 13 days in this group, compared with 5 days for those undergoing conservative treatment (P = 0.0004). There were no deaths. No patients had further bleeding episodes during a median 7-month follow-up.
dc.description.sourcetitleAmerican Surgeon
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