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Title: Vaginismus and outcome of treatment.
Authors: Biswas, A. 
Ratnam, S.S. 
Issue Date: Sep-1995
Citation: Biswas, A., Ratnam, S.S. (1995-09). Vaginismus and outcome of treatment.. Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore 24 (5) : 755-758. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Vaginismus is a condition of involuntary spasm of the muscles surrounding the outer third of the vagina that is brought about by real, imagined or anticipated attempts at vaginal penetration and often leads to non-consummation of marriage. It is a classic psychosomatic disorder where phobia of vaginal penetration often stems from sexual ignorance, previous traumatic experiences or religious orthodoxy. Management of vaginismus aims at helping the woman to regain voluntary control of her pelvic floor muscles. The treatment utilises a behavioural method aimed at teaching relaxation of pelvic floor muscles together with a systematic desensitization of the fear of vaginal penetration. There are two approaches to vaginal desensitization. The first is gradual desensitization using vaginal self-dilatation, and the second method utilises rapid desensitization brought about by vaginal mould insertion. Of these, the rapid method is preferred at our institution. Surgical correction is almost never required and may be detrimental to achieving success. Management of these conditions requires a warm, empathetic attitude and demands great patience and understanding on the part of the physician. Between 1985 and 1991, 19 patients with vaginismus were treated at the National University Hospital, with a rapid desensitization programme using vaginal moulds. All 19 women could achieve satisfactory vaginal intercourse within 2 to 6 weeks of commencement of therapy.
Source Title: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
ISSN: 03044602
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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