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Title: Headache and self-assessed depression scores in Singapore University undergraduates
Authors: Ho, K.-H. 
Ong, B.K.C. 
Lee, S.-C.
Keywords: International Headache Society criteria
tension headache
Zung Depression Scale
Issue Date: Jan-1997
Citation: Ho, K.-H., Ong, B.K.C., Lee, S.-C. (1997-01). Headache and self-assessed depression scores in Singapore University undergraduates. Headache 37 (1) : 26-30. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A self-administered questionnaire covering the diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Society was completed by 1208 undergraduates of the National University of Singapore to determine the prevalence and characteristics of headaches in this population. The relationship between headaches and depressive illness was investigated with the Zung Self-assessed Depression Scale. The mean age of respondents was 20.9 ± 1.6 years; 50.3% were men end 46.4%, women. Ten point nine percent had migraine without aura, 29.8% had tension-type headaches, 1.1% had headaches consistent with migraines with aura, and in 56.3% the headaches could not be classified. The lifetime prevalence of headache in this population was 98.1%. Significantly higher mean Zung scores were found in subjects who had more intense and frequent headaches then in those without headaches and less severe symptoms, although the clinical relevance of this finding is uncertain. Zung scores did not differ significantly with diagnostic group, sex, or race.
Source Title: Headache
ISSN: 00178748
DOI: 10.1046/j.1526-4610.1997.3701026.x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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