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Title: Review of patients with infective endocarditis of native valves over a five-year period.
Authors: Lim, M.C.
Tan, T.Z.
Choo, M. 
Lim, Y.T. 
Soo, C.S.
Ling, L.H. 
Issue Date: May-1993
Citation: Lim, M.C., Tan, T.Z., Choo, M., Lim, Y.T., Soo, C.S., Ling, L.H. (1993-05). Review of patients with infective endocarditis of native valves over a five-year period.. Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore 22 (3) : 296-299. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The clinical characteristics, echocardiographic features, bacteriologic data, morbidity and mortality of patients who were admitted to our hospital with infective endocarditis of their native valves over a five-year period were reviewed. There were 32 patients with a mean age of 38.2 +/- 16.2 years (range: 17 to 71 years) in our study population; 24 patients had underlying valvular abnormalities, six patients had congenital heart disease and two patients had no structural cardiac abnormality. Echocardiography was performed for all patients. Vegetations were absent in three (9.4%) patients, single in 19 (59.4%) patients and multiple in ten (31.3%) patients. Of the 24 (75%) patients who had left-sided endocarditis, mitral valve disease was the commonest valvular abnormality (16 patients). Ventricular septal defect was the commonest underlying abnormality in patients with right-sided endocarditis. Blood cultures were positive in 26 (81.3%) patients; the commonest organism was streptococcal (16 or 50% patients). Complications were present in 13 (40.6%) patients, of which eight patients had evidence of embolism, four patients had cardiac failure and one patient had a paravalvular abscess. Four (12.5%) patients died, two as a result of refractory heart failure and two as a consequence of septic embolism. Advances in medicine have resulted in a better outcome for patients with infective endocarditis, however, it remains an important disease with significant morbidity and mortality.
Source Title: Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore
ISSN: 03044602
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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