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Title: Ocular surface changes in pterygium
Authors: Chan, C.M.L.
Liu, Y.P.
Tan, D.T.H. 
Keywords: Impression cytology
Mucinous hyperplasia
Squamous metaplasia
Issue Date: 2002
Citation: Chan, C.M.L., Liu, Y.P., Tan, D.T.H. (2002). Ocular surface changes in pterygium. Cornea 21 (1) : 38-42. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose. To evaluate ocular surface abnormalities in eyes with pterygium. Methods. Impression cytology was performed on 56 pterygia in 50 eyes with primary or recurrent pterygium. Superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal bulbar conjunctivae were evaluated. Results. The ocular surface morphology directly over the pterygium was found to be abnormal in 100% of cases. This was significant compared with abnormalities in 2.4% in the superior bulbar conjunctiva, 54.5% in the inferior bulbar conjunctiva, and 58.1% in the clinically unaffected interpalpebral conjunctiva. The epithelial cells in pterygium demonstrated squamous metaplasia in 73.2% of cases, with marked enlargement and elongation of the cells and pyknotic changes in the nuclei. Squamous metaplasia was also seen in the inferior conjunctiva (31.7%) and the clinically unaffected interpalpebral conjunctiva (54.8%) but without the advanced changes seen over the pterygium (p < 0.001). A low cellular yield was obtained over the pterygium in 98.2% of cases but only 22.7% in the inferior conjunctiva and 22.6% in the clinically unaffected interpalpebral conjunctiva (p < 0.001). Mucinous hyperplasia signifying increased goblet cell density was observed over the surface of the pterygium in 87.5% compared with 2.4% in the superior conjunctiva, 15.9% in the inferior conjunctiva, and 12.9% in the clinically unaffected interpalpebral conjunctiva (p < 0.001). Conclusion. The cytology of surface cells in pterygium exhibits squamous metaplasia with increased goblet cell density. A graded series of ocular surface changes exists throughout the bulbar conjunctiva in eyes with pterygium, with the most advanced changes occurring directly over the pterygium surface.
Source Title: Cornea
ISSN: 02773740
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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