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Title: Homology modeling and mutagenesis analyses of Plasmodium falciparum falcipain 2A: Implications for rational drug design
Authors: Goh, L.L.
Sim, T.S. 
Keywords: Falcipain 2A
Protein folding
Rational drug design
Site-directed mutagenesis
Substrate binding
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2004
Citation: Goh, L.L., Sim, T.S. (2004-10-15). Homology modeling and mutagenesis analyses of Plasmodium falciparum falcipain 2A: Implications for rational drug design. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 323 (2) : 565-572. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The hemoglobin-degrading cysteine proteases falcipains of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum are regarded as potential drug targets. Despite their obvious importance in the virulence of malaria, these proteases remain poorly characterized at the structural levels. Using a bioinformatic and site-directed mutagenesis approach, residues essential for the structure and function of FP2A are elucidated in this study. In total, nine mutants of FP2A were constructed to test the proposed importance of seven different amino acid residues. These recombinant protease mutants were solubly expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by affinity chromatography for enzymatic assessments. Notably, substitutions at positions C99 and C119 induce structural alterations and led to significant reduction in enzyme activity (>97%). The analyses also validated the role of the active triad comprising of C42, H174, and N204 in catalysis and identified a serine at position 149 which is required for specific peptide substrate interactions. The parasite-specific residues, C99, C119, and S149, represent potential sites for differential targeting, since the corresponding residues are absent in the human host's isozymes. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
ISSN: 0006291X
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.08.130
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