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Title: Musculoskeletal infections: US manifestations
Authors: Bureau, N.J.
Chhem, R.K. 
Cardinal, É.
Keywords: Arthritis, septic, 40.20
Bones, infection, 40.20
Bones, US, 40.1298
Muscles, infection, 40.20
Muscles, US, 40.1298
Issue Date: Nov-1999
Citation: Bureau, N.J., Chhem, R.K., Cardinal, É. (1999-11). Musculoskeletal infections: US manifestations. Radiographics 19 (6) : 1585-1592. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: One of the most important prognostic factors in patients with musculoskeletal infections is the delay in establishing therapy. Early diagnosis of septic arthritis requires analysis of joint fluid. Ultrasonography (US) is a rapid, portable, sensitive technique for confirming the presence of joint effusions. The study can be easily repeated for follow-up of lesions. US allows real-time guidance of fluid aspiration and can reduce the risk of contaminating other anatomic compartments, especially in the hands, wrists, and feet. Radiography provides complementary information and should be performed in conjunction with US. US is the imaging modality of choice for diagnosis of superficial abscesses. Dynamic compression with the US probe and color Doppler imaging can facilitate detection of superficial abscesses. US may help in the early diagnosis of osteomyelitis by demonstrating subperiosteal or juxtacortical fluid collections and by providing guidance for aspiration of these collections. Evaluation of osseous involvement requires additional imaging; a US examination with normal results does not allow exclusion of bone infection. US is not degraded by metallic artifact and may be useful in cases of osteomyelitis complicating metallic fixation in an extremity. After initial radiography, US can play an important role in the management of musculoskeletal infections.
Source Title: Radiographics
ISSN: 02715333
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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